On Specially Protected Natural Areas

The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 7 July 2006 No. 175

Unofficial translation

      Footnote. Through the whole text:
      the words “representative bodies of oblast, city of republican significance and the capital”, “executive bodies of oblast, city of republican significance: and the capital”, “executive bodies of oblast (city of republican significance and the capital)”, “representative and executive bodies of oblast (city of republican significance and the capital)”, “representative bodies of Oblast (city of republican significance, the capital), “oblasts (cities of republican significance, the capital)”, “executive bodies of Oblast (city of republican significance, the capital)” and “executive body of oblast (city of republican significance, the capital)” are substituted respectively by the words “representative bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital”, “executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital”, “local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital”, “local representative and executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital”, “Local representative bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital”, “oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital”, “Local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital”; words “animals and plants” and “animal and plant” are substituted respectively by the words “plants and animals” and “plant and animal” by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

      This Law regulates public relations on creation, expansion, protection, restoration, stable use and management of especially protected natural areas and objects of the state natural conservation fund representing especial environmental, scientific, historical and cultural and recreation value, as well as that are a component part of the national, religious and world environmental network.

CHAPTER 1. MAIN PROVISIONS

Chapter 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1. Main definitions used in this Law

      1) biological resources – genetic resources, organisms or their parts, populations or other biotic components of environmental systems having a factual or potential usability or value for a mankind;
      2) sawing of a round wood – cutting of a tree for boards and (or) other products of sawmilling performed on a sawmill equipment;
      3) especially protected natural area – fields of land, water objects and air space above them with natural complexes and objects of the state natural conservation fund for which the special protection regime is established;
      4) system of especially protected natural areas – a set of especially protected natural areas of various categories and types ensuring representational representation of the sets of all the geographic zones in there;
      5) protection of especially protected natural areas (hereinafter – protection) – a set of measures that may be conducted in especially protected natural area for detection and suppression of the breaches of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas, preventions, detections and liquidation of fires;
      6) defence of especially protected natural areas (hereinafter – defence) – a set of measures that mat be conducted in especially protected natural area for elimination of adverse effect of waters, protection of plants from insects and diseases, regulation of animal numbers;
      7) state control in the field of especially protected natural territories – the activity of the authorized body in the field of especially protected natural areas on inspection and supervision of inspected subjects for a subject of conformance of their activity to requirements established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the course of carrying out and following the results of which the measures of legal restriction character may be applied without operative response;
      8) state supervision in the field of especially protected natural areas – the activity of the authorized body in the field of especially protected natural areas on inspection and supervision of compliance with requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan by inspected subjects in the course of carrying out and following the results of which the measures of legal restriction character, as well as the measures of operative response may be applied;
      9) authorized body in the field of especially protected natural areas (hereinafter – the authorized body) – the state body carrying out the functions of management, control and supervision, protection and defence of especially protected natural areas;
      10) functional zone of especially protected natural areas – the field of especially protected natural area with established regime of protection and use of lands;
      11) functional zoning of especially protected natural area – division of especially protected natural area on functional zones for the purpose of establishment of optimal regime of protection and use of objects of the state natural conservation fund;
      12) natural scientific rationale – scientific assessment of the practicability of creation or change of boundaries of especially protected natural area performed by specialized scientific (scientific research) and design (design and surveying) organizations;
      13) introduction – premeditated or accidental transfer of new types of plants and animals beyond their environmental conditions;
      14) state natural conservation fund – a set of objects of environment being under state protection that have especial environmental, scientific, historical and cultural, recreation value as a natural samples, unicums and relicts, genetic reserve, subject of scientific researches, enlightenment, education, tourism and recreation;
      15) objects of the state natural conservation fund – geological, hydrogeological, hydrological, zoological, botanical and landscape objects and their sets, especially valuable plantings of the state forest fund, wetlands, important bird areas, unique natural water objects or their fields, rare and endangered types of plants and animals, unique objects of plant world having special environmental, scientific, historical and cultural, recreation significance;
      16) recreation load – simultaneous quantity of vacationers on a unit area in consideration of a total time of the type of rest for accounting period or for a time unit;
      17) nature records – a set of details of system supervisions carried out by scientific subdivisions of the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves and state regional nature parks of conditions of environmental systems and objects of the state natural conservation fund conducted on a single method;
      18) natural complexes – a set of objects of biological diversity and inanimate nature subjected to protection;
      19) stable use of natural complexes – use of biological resources of the natural complexes in such a manner and tempo that do not lead to depletion of biological diversity in the long-term perspective;
      20) environmental organizations – the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves, state regional nature parks created in legal organizational form of the state institution (hereinafter – environmental institutions), and the state botanical gardens, state dendrological parks created in the legal organizational form of the state enterprise;
      21) feasibility study – economic, environmental and social assessment of practicability of creation or change of the borders of especially protected natural area performed by specialized scientific (scientific research) and draft (draft survey) organizations;
      22) ecological corridor – a part of environmental network represented as protected land fields and water objects connecting especially protected natural areas between each other and with other types of the protected natural areas for ensuring of natural migration (distribution) of objects of animate nature and preservation of biological diversity;
      23) environmental network – a set of especially protected natural areas of different categories and types linked between each other and with other types of protected natural areas by ecological corridors organized in consideration with natural, historical and cultural, social and economic special aspects of a region.
      Footnote. Article 1 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 2. Legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the
field of especially protected natural territories

      1. The legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas and objects of the state natural conservation fund is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan, consists of this Law and other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. Relations on use and protection of subsoil, waters, forests and other natural resources of especially protected natural areas shall be regulated by special laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan in a part not regulated by this Law.
      3. Property relations in the field of especially protected natural territories shall be regulated by the civil legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, unless otherwise provided by this Law.
      4. If an international treaty ratified by the Republic of Kazakhstan establishes other rules that those contained in this Law, the rules of the international treaty shall be applied.

Article 3. Basic principles in the field of especially
protected territories

      Basic principles in the field of especially protected natural areas are:
      1) development of a system of especially protected natural areas as a base component of environmental network ensuring preservation and restoration of biological diversity, unique and standard type landscapes;
      2) state regulation, control and supervision in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      3) preservation of the state natural conservation fund and natural environmental systems;
      4) use of especially protected natural areas for the purpose of development of science, culture, enlightenment, education, tourism;
      5) payment for use of especially protected natural areas;
      6) responsibility for breach of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      7) participation of individuals and legal entities in solution of tasks in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      8) availability of information in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      9) international cooperation in the field of especially protected natural areas.
      Footnote. Article 3 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 4. Objects of relations in the field of especially
protected natural areas

      Objects of relations in the field of especially protected natural areas are the natural complexes, as well as the lands of especially protected territories, as well as the objects of the state natural conservation fund being on these lands and lands of other categories.

Article 5. Subjects of relations in the field of especially
protected natural areas

      +-Subjects of relations in the field of especially protected natural areas are individuals and legal entities, as well as the state bodies in accordance with their competence established by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Chapter 2. STATE MANAGEMENT, CONTROL AND SUPERVISION IN
THE FIELD OF ESPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL AREAS

      Footnote. Title as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 6. System of safety ensuring of especially protected
natural areas

      The system of safety ensuring of especially protected natural areas shall include:
      1) the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      2) authorized body including its department with territorial subdivisions;
      3) central executive bodies the jurisdiction of which includes especially protected natural areas;
      4) representative bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital within their competence determined by this Law and other Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan and subordinate acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      5) executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital within their competence determined by this Law and other Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan and subordinate acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      6) environmental organizations;
      7) individuals and legal entities carrying out the activity in the field of safety ensuring of especially protected natural areas.
      Footnote. Article 6 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.01.2010 No. 242-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 6-1. State management in the field of especially
protected natural areas

      State management in the field of especially protected natural areas shall be carried out by:
      1) the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      2) the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      3) authorized body including its department with territorial subdivisions;
      4) central executive bodies the jurisdiction of which includes especially protected natural areas;
      5) representative and executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance and the capital within their competence determined by this Law, other Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan and subordinate acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. The Law is supplemented by Article 6-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.01.2010 No. 242-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011).

Article 7. Competence of the Government of the
Republic of Kazakhstan

      Competence of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall include:
      1) development of principal directions of the state policy in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      2) right of possession, use and disposal of especially protected natural areas and objects of the state natural conservation fund of the republican significance;
      3) determination of the authorized body in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      3-1) adoption of a decision for withdrawal of rare and endangered species of plants;
      4) approval of:
      the list of objects of the state natural conservation fund of the republican significance;
      rules of carrying out of touristic and recreation activity in the state national nature parks and issuance of a permission for use for objects of constructing the fields of the state national parks represented in use for carrying out of touristic and recreation activity;
      order of maintenance of the state cadastre of especially protected natural areas;
      list of international and state organizations, non-government organizations and funds representing the grants for preservation of biodiversity and development of especially protected natural areas;
      order of abolishment of the state nature sanctuaries of republican and local significance and the state preserved areas of republican significance and decrease of their territory;
      rules of keeping the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      list of rare and endangered species of plants and animals;
      5) provision and seizure of land fields, including for state needs from the lands of all categories in cases linked with creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas of republican significance;
      6) creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas of republican significance;
      6-1) rezoning of the lands of especially protected natural areas into the reserve lands upon a suggestion of the authorized body and approval of its order only in cases established by a part two of paragraph 2 of Article 23 of this Law;
      6-2) abolishment of the state nature sanctuaries of republican significance and the state preserved areas of republican significance and decrease of their territory upon a suggestion of the authorized body on the basis of favourable conclusion of the state environmental examination for a natural scientific rationale;
      6-3) adoption of a decision on withdrawal of rare and endangered species of plants;
      7) international cooperation in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      8) exercise other powers provided by the Constitution, Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan and acts of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. Article 7 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 09.01.2007 No. 213 (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 01.12.2008 No. 94-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 21.01.2010 No.242-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 20.07.2011 No. 464-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 13.06.2013 No. 102-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 8. Competence of the authorized body and its
territorial subdivisions

      Footnote. Title as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

      Competence of the authorized body shall include:
      1) cross-sector coordination of activity of the state bodies in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      1-1) carrying out of coordination and methodological guideline of the local executive bodies in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      2) implementation of the state policy in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      3) development and entering for approval of the list of objects of the state natural conservation fund of republican significance to the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      4) making proposals on creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas of republican significance, as well as on rezoning of the lands of especially protected natural areas into reserve lands only in cases established by a part two of paragraph 2 of Article 23 of this Law;
      4-1) development of order and making proposals on abolishment of the state nature sanctuaries of republican and local significance and the state preserved areas of republican significance and decrease of their territory;
      5) development and approval of regulatory legal acts in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      5-1) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);
      5-2) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 13.06.2013 No. 102-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      5-3) issuance of permissions for coming in to the Republic of Kazakhstan and coming out from its boundaries of objects of a plant world, their parts and derivatives, as well as species of plants referred to the rare and endangered category in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      6) approval of:
      tariff rates for the services rendered by especially protected natural areas of republican significance with a status of a legal entity;
      order of development of the drafts of natural scientific and feasibility study on creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas, as well as correction of the feasibility study;
      natural scientific and feasibility study on creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas of republican significance;
      drafts of correction of feasibility study of especially protected natural areas of republican significance;
      symbolics (emblem and flag) of an environmental organization, as well as order of development and use of symbolics (emblem and flag) of the environmental institution;
      provisions of environmental institutions being under its jurisdiction;
      volume of fishing on water objects included into the composition of especially protected natural areas with a status of a legal entity;
      border and type of regime of protection of territories of the state nature monuments of republican significance;
      rules of amateur (sports) fishery permitted for the needs of local population in case provided by paragraph 1 of Article 43-1 of this Law;
      6-1) development of approval of:
      rules of development and registration (reregistration) of passports of especially protected natural areas of republican and local significance;
      rules of development of a management plan by an environmental organization;
      rules of visiting especially protected natural areas by individuals;
      rules of conducting measures on prevention of suffocations carried out in the case provided by paragraph 2 of Article 43-1 of this Law;
      rules of incentive and order of awarding honorary titles, lapel badges and honorary certificates in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      order of issuance of a permission for coming in to the Republic of Kazakhstan and coming out from its boundaries of objects of a plant world, their parts and derivative, including the species of plants referred to the rare and endangered category;
      rules of organization and maintenance of scientific activity and scientific researches in environmental institutions;
      composition and provision of cross-sector botanical and zoological commissions;
      7) consideration of reports of central and local executive bodies on the issues of condition, protection, defence, use and financing of especially protected natural areas being under their jurisdiction;
      8) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      9) organization of development of drafts of natural scientific and feasibility study on creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas of republican significance being under its jurisdiction, ecological corridors and their approval;
      10) organization of development and approval of management plans of especially protected natural areas being under its jurisdiction;
      11) administration of especially protected natural areas being under its jurisdiction, ensuring of conducting their protection, defence and restoration, as well as scientific research;
      12) organization of scientific activity in especially protected natural areas of republican significance;
      13) maintenance of the state cadastre of especially protected natural areas;
      14) coordination of the list of objects of the state natural conservation fund of local significance upon the recommendation of local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital;
      14-1) development of the rules of carrying out of touristic and recreation activity in the state nature parks and issuance of a permission for use for objects of constructing the fields of the state national nature parks represented in use for carrying out of the touristic and recreation activity;
      14-2) issuance of a permission to individuals and legal entities for use for objects of constructing the fields of the state national nature parks represented to them in use for carrying out of touristic and recreation activity;
      14-3) issuance of a permission for carrying out of amateur (sports) fishery, ameliorative fishing, scientific research fishing, fishing in reproduction purposes on water objects located in especially protected natural areas with a status of a legal entity, on the basis of a biological substantiation in existence of favourable conclusion of the state environmental examination;
      15) carrying out of the state control and supervision of condition, protection, defence and use of especially protected natural areas and objects of the state natural conversation fund;
      16) development and approval of the samples of official uniform with badges of rank (without shoulder straps), procedure for wearing and supply standards of the state inspectors of environmental institutions;
      16-1) development and approval of the list of especially protected natural areas of republican significance;
      16-2) development of procedure for maintenance of the state cadastre of especially protected natural areas;
      16-3) making proposals to the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan on approval of a border and type of the protection regime of the territories of state nature monuments of republican significance;
      16-4) making proposals to the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan on approval of the list of international and state organizations, non-government organizations and funds representing the grants for preservation of biological diversity and development of especially protected natural areas;
      16-5) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);
      16-6) development of procedure for rezoning of lands of especially protected natural areas to the lands of reserve;
      16-7) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);
      16-8) development of the list of rare and endangered species of plants and animals;
      17) coordination of general schemes of organizing the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, multiregional schemes of territorial development, complex schemes of urban planning and other urban planning documentation within the competence;
      18) carrying out of international cooperation and realization of international treaties in the field of especially protected natural territories;
      19) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      20) exercise of other powers provided by this Law, other Laws, acts of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Territorial subdivisions shall carry out their activity within the competence established by the authorized body.
      Footnote. Article 8 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 01.12.2008 No. 94-IV (order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 17.07.2009 No.188 (order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 21.01.2010 No.242-IV (order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 19.03.2010 No.258-IV; dated 06.01.2011 No.378-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 20.07.2011 No.464-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 25.01.2012 No.548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 10.07.2012 No.36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 13.06.2013 No.102-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 03.07.2013 No.124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 29.09.2014 No.239-V(shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 9. Competence of the central executive bodies
the jurisdiction of which includes especially
protected natural areas

      Within the competence, the central executive bodies the jurisdiction of which includes especially protected natural areas shall:
      1) prepare and make proposals to the authorized body on list of the objects of the state natural conservation fund, development of a system of especially protected natural areas and environmental networks;
      2) organize development of designs of natural scientific and feasibility study in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas being under their jurisdiction with ensuring of conducting state environmental examination and the following introduction of these studies for approval of the authorized body;
      3) develop and approve the passports of especially protected natural areas being under their jurisdiction in concurrence with the authorized body, carry out registration (reregistration) of the passports in the authorized body;
      4) organize development and approve management plans of especially protected areas being under their jurisdiction in concurrence of the authorized body;
      5) carry out administration of especially protected natural areas being under their jurisdiction, ensure conduct of their protection, defence and restoration, as well as scientific researches;
      6) participate in maintenance of the state cadastre of especially protected natural areas;
      7) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      8) exercise other powers provided by the Laws, acts of the president of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. Article 9 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.01.2010 No. 242-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 10. Competence of local representative and executive
bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance,
the capital

      1. Within the competence, the local representative bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital shall:
      1) approve the costs for creation and functioning of especially protected natural areas of local significance in a composition of local budgets;
      1-1) establish rates of payment for use of especially protected natural areas of local significance upon the recommendation of local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital;
      2) hear reports of heads of executive bodies on a condition and activity of especially protected natural areas of local significance being in their jurisdiction, as well as on the issues of preservation of the objects of the state natural conservation fund;
      3) exercise the other powers on ensuring of the rights and legal interests of citizens in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. Within the competence, the local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital shall:
      1) make proposals to the authorized body on list of the objects of the state natural conservation fund of republican significance, development of a system of especially protected natural areas and environmental networks, creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas of republican and local significance;
      1-1) implement the state policy in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      2) organize development and ensure conduct of the state environmental examination of natural scientific and feasibility study on creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas of local significance;
      3) approve the list of objects of the state natural conservation fund of local significance, natural scientific and feasibility study on creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas of local significance;
      4) adopt decisions o creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas of local significance in concurrence with the authorized body;
      5) approve the designs of correcting the functioning zoning of especially protected natural areas of local significance upon favourable conclusion of the state environmental examination;
      6) develop and approve the management plans of especially protected natural areas being under their jurisdiction, ensure conduct of their protection, defence and restoration, as well as scientific researches;
      7) approve tariff rates for the services rendered by especially protected natural areas of local significance with a status of a legal entity;
      8) participate in maintenance of the state cadastre of especially protected natural areas;
      9) develop and approve the passports of especially protected natural areas being under their jurisdiction in concurrence with the authorized body, and represent the passports for registration (reregistration) to the authorized body;
      10) adopt decisions on reservation of lands for creation of especially protected natural areas of all the types;
      11) adopt decisions on establishment of protective zones of especially protected natural areas of all the types with restriction within these zones of activity having an adverse effect on condition of environmental systems of these territories, ecological corridors, as well as regime of their protection and use;
      12) carry out the state control and supervision of condition, protection, defence and use of especially protected natural areas and objects of the state natural conservation fund being under their jurisdiction;
      13) approve the borders and type of protection regime of a territory of the state nature monuments of local significance;
      14) represent the tariff rates for approval to local representative bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital for use of especially protected natural areas of local significance;
      15) abolish the state nature sanctuaries of local significance and decrease their territories;
      16) exercise the other powers in favor of local state management imposed on local executive bodies by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. Article 10 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.12.2008 No. 101-IV (shall be enforced from 01.01.2009); dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 13.06.2013 No. 102-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 11. State control and supervision in the field
of especially protected natural areas

      Footnote. Title as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

      1. State control and supervision in the field of especially protected natural areas is oriented to ensuring of compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas by individuals and legal entities, as well as state bodies.
      1-1. State control and supervision of condition, protection, defence and use of especially protected natural areas and objects of the state natural conservation fund shall be carried out by the authorized body.
      2. State control of compliance with environmental requirements in the field of protection, defence, reproduction and use of objects of the state natural conservation fund shall be carried out by the authorized state body in the field of environmental protection.
      Footnote. Article 11 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 3. RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF INDIVIDUALS AND
LEGAL ENTITIES IN THE FIELD OF ESPECIALLY
PROTECTED NATURAL AREAS

Article 12. Rights and obligations of individuals in
the field of especially protected natural areas

      1. Individuals shall have the right to:
      1) use especially protected natural areas in the manner established by the authorized body;
      2) male proposals to the authorized body on the issues of especially protected natural areas;
      3) participate jointly with environmental organizations in the measures on protection, defence, restoration and use of objects of the state natural conservation fund;
      4) create funds the activity of which is oriented to development of especially protected natural areas, and participate in their activity in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      5) request and receive necessary information from the relevant state bodies concerning the issues of condition and functioning of especially protected natural areas and environmental networks.
      2. Individuals shall be obliged to comply with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas.
      Footnote. Article 12 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 13. Rights and obligations of legal entities

      1. Legal entities shall have the right to:
      1) make proposals to the authorized body and participate in preparation of the lists of objects of the state natural conservation fund, natural scientific and feasibility study on creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas, development of the regulatory legal acts in the field of especially protected natural areas;
      2) conduct public environmental examination of designs in the field of especially protected natural areas and environmental networks in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      3) participate in measures on protection, defence, restoration and use of objects of the state natural conservation fund under a contract with environmental organizations;
      4) create funds the activity of which is oriented to representation of financial assistance for development of especially protected natural areas, in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan and participate in their activity and management;
      5) request and receive necessary information from the relevant state bodies concerning the issues of functioning, protection, defence and use of especially protected natural areas and environmental networks;
      6) participate in work of scientific technical councils of especially protected natural territories.
      2. Legal entities the activity of which is oriented to development of especially protected natural areas specialized on representation of grants, financial and technical assistance foe development of especially protected natural areas shall be included into the list of non-government organizations and funds representing the grants for preservation of biological diversity and development of especially protected natural areas determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. Legal entities shall be obliged to carry out own activity in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. Article 13 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 4. CREATION OF ESPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL AREAS

Article 14. Categories and types of especially protected
natural areas

      1. Especially protected natural areas shall relate to the category of republican or local significance depending on importance of objects of the state natural conservation fund.
      2. Depending on the purposes of creation and type of protection regime, the following types of especially protected natural areas of republican significance shall be divided into:
      1) state natural conservations;
      2) state national nature parks;
      3) state nature reserves;
      4) state zoological parks;
      5) state botanical gardens;
      6) state dendrological parks;
      7) state nature monuments;
      8) state nature sanctuaries;
      9) state preserved areas.
      3. Depending on purposes of creation and type of protection regime, the following especially protected natural areas of local significance shall be allocated:
      1) state regional nature parks;
      2) state zoological parks;
      3) state botanical gardens;
      4) state dendrological parks;
      5) state nature monuments;
      6) state nature sanctuaries.
      4. Legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan may provide the other types of especially protected natural areas.
      5. Referring especially protected natural areas to the category of republican significance shall be carried out by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan upon recommendation of the authorized body, to the category of local significance – by local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital in concurrence with the authorized body.
      6. Rezoning of especially protected area with a status of a legal entity from one type to another leading decrease of its status shall be carried out upon partial or full loss of its special value and unique character in a result of emergency situation of natural and (or) technogenic character.
      Decision on rezoning of especially protected natural area with a status of a legal entity from one type to another leading decrease of its status or increase, shall be adopted on the basis of the favourable conclusion of the state environmental examination of natural scientific rationale:
      1) on especially protected natural area of republican significance – by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan upon recommendation of the authorized body;
      2) on especially protected natural area of local significance – by the local executive body of oblast, city of republican significance, the capital in concurrence with the authorized body.
      Rezoning of especially protected natural areas from the category “republican significance” to the category “local significance” shall not be allowed.
      Footnote. Article 14 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 15. Legal status of environmental institutions

      1. State natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves, state regional nature parks are the legal entities and shall be created in the form of the state institution.
      2. Land fields shall be provided to environmental institutions on the basis of the right of permanent land use.
      3. Buildings (structures and constructions), historical and cultural and other immovable objects located in especially protected natural areas shall be transferred to environmental institutions on the basis of the right of operative management.
      4. Reorganization of environmental institution shall be made in accordance with the civil legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 16. Legal status of environmental organizations created
in the form of the state enterprise

      1. State zoological parks, state botanical gardens and state dendrological parks are the legal entities and shall be created in the form of the state enterprise.
      2. Land fields shall be provided to environmental organizations created in the form of the state enterprise on the right of permanent land use.
      3. Buildings (structures and constructions), historical and cultural and other immovable objects located in especially protected natural areas shall be transferred to environmental organizations created in the form of the state enterprise on the right of economic management or operative management.
      4. Environmental organizations created in the form of the state enterprise shall be liable for their obligations by money being at their disposal.
      Levy of execution on the rest property of environmental organizations created in the form of the state enterprise shall not be allowed.
      5. Reorganization of environmental organizations created in the form of the state enterprise shall be carried out in accordance with the civil legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 17. Legal status of especially protected natural areas
without a status of a legal entity

      1. State nature monuments, state nature sanctuaries and state preserved areas shall not have a status of a legal entity and shall be under the state protection.
      Right of operative management of immovable property being in the state ownership in especially protected natural area that is not a legal entity shall be transferred to the environmental institution or state institution of forest management the jurisdiction of which includes the especially protected natural area.
      2. State protected areas and state nature sanctuaries of republican and local significance shall be subject to exclusion from the lists of especially protected natural areas of republican or local significance upon creation of the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves, state regional nature parks on their base, as well as upon abolishment of the state nature sanctuaries and state protected areas of republican significance under decision of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. Article 17 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.1.2010 No. 242-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 25.01.2012 NO. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 18. Protective zones of the state natural
conservations, state national nature parks, state nature
reserves and state regional nature parks

      1. For ensuring of special protection and defence from unfavourable external influence around and on the lands of the owners of land fields and land users being in the range of the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves and state regional nature parks, the protective zones with a prohibition and (or) restriction of any activity within these zones having an adverse effect on condition and restoration of environmental data systems of especially protected natural areas and objects of the state natural conservation fund located on them shall be established.
      2. Sizes, borders, types of regime and order of natural management in the territory of protective zones of the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves and state regional nature parks shall be determined with natural scientific and feasibility study on their creation and shall be established by decisions of local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital in accordance with this Law and the Land Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      By this, the width of a protective zone that is established according to the borders of land fields of the owners and land users or according to the natural geographic boundaries and that is designated by special signs afield shall be no less than two kilometers.
      Footnote. Article 18 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 19. Symbolics (emblem and flag) of environmental
organizations

      Footnote. Title as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

      1. Environmental organizations shall have own symbolics (emblem and flag).
      2. Environmental organizations shall have an exclusive right for use of own symbolics (emblem and flag) and may permit its use to individuals and legal entities on a paid basis.
      Footnote. Article 19 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 20. Creation or expansion of especially
protected natural areas

      1. Decision on creation or expansion of especially protected natural area shall be adopted on the basis of natural scientific and feasibility study that obtained favourable conclusions of environmental examination.
      Development of designs of natural scientific and feasibility study on creation or expansion of especially protected natural area, as well as their correction shall be carried out in two stages by the specialized scientific (scientific and research) and design (design and survey) organizations in the manner established by the authorized body.
      2. At the first stage, the natural scientific rationale shall be developed on creation or expansion of especially protected natural area that shall determine:
      1) unique character, significance and representativity of natural complexes of the researched territory and objects of the state natural conservation fund located on it;
      2) assessment of a state of social and economic conditions on a researched territory;
      3) condition of environmental systems and objects of the state natural conservation fund on a researches territory, risk, threat of preservation and measures on their protection, defence, restoration and use;
      4) recommended category and type of especially protected natural area;
      5) recommended borders, squares, as well as functional zones and type of their regime of protection and use.
      3. At the second stage, on the basis of natural scientific rationale approved by the authorized body or coordinated with it, the feasibility study on creation or expansion of especially protected natural area shall be developed including:
      1) land use planning of land allocation of especially protected natural area with description of its borders, coordinates, category and area of land fields of the owners and land users withdrew (compulsory allocated) to the composition of especially protected natural area, category and area of the land fields of the owners and land users included into the composition of the especially protected natural areas without withdrawal, as well as borders and areas of protective zone;
      2) expenses linked with a redemption of land fields from the owners and land users and (or) coverage of losses on their withdrawal, restriction of economic activity in protective zones, as well as in cases of creation of especially protected natural areas without withdrawal of lands;
      3) expenses for creation of infrastructure and content of especially protected natural area, performance of measures on protection, defence and restoration of objects of the state natural conservation fund;
      4) functional zoning of especially protected natural area, type of protection regime and conditions of regulated tourist, recreation and restrictive economic use of natural complexes within the established functional zones with determining the standards of recreation loads;
      5) draft plan of especially protected natural area and its infrastructure (general development plan of infrastructure): location of nature trails, viewing points, camping grounds, parking stands for a transport, camping areas, tent camps, hotels, motels, tourist centres, public catering facilities, subjects of trade and other cultural domestic designation, pipe lines, power transmission lines and communication lines, roads in consideration of development of environmental tourism.
      3-1. Inclusion of water objects and (or) fields that are used or may be used for fishery or have a significance for reproduction of reserves of fish resources and other shellfish the composition of which includes especially protected natural areas shall be carried out in concurrence with the authorized state body in the field of protection, reproduction and use of animal world and in consideration of rights and legal interests of the persons to whom these water objects and (or) fields are secured.
      4. Feasibility study shall be coordinated with the owners of land fields and land users, local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital and approved in the manner established by this Law.
      Footnote. Article 20 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.01.2010 No. 242-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 25.01.2012 NO. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 21. Development programs of a system of especially
protected natural territories and environmental networks

      Footnote. Article 21 is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 22. Lands of especially protected natural areas

      1. Lands of especially protected natural areas shall include the lands of the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves, state regional nature parks, state zoological parks, state botanical gardens, state dendrological parks and state nature monuments.
      2. Upon creation of state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves, state regional nature parks, state zoological parks, state botanical gardens, state dendrological parks and state nature monuments, the land fields shall be allocated from among the other land categories and shall be rezoned to the category of especially protected natural areas by their withdrawal from the owners of land fields and land users.
      3. Land fields of state protected areas and state nature sanctuaries, protective zones of the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state regional nature parks, state national reserves shall be allocated in composition of other land categories without their withdrawal from the owners of land fields and land users and without changing the land category.
      Restriction of any activity within the territory of state protected areas and state nature sanctuaries having an adverse effect on condition and restoration of environmental data systems of especially protected natural areas and objects of the state natural conservation fund being in there shall be introduced as charging the land fields of the owners of land fields and land users and shall be recorded in a land surveying.
      4. Decisions on referring the land fields to the category of the lands of especially protected natural areas shall be made for:
      1) for especially protected natural area of republican significance – by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan upon recommendation of the authorized body;
      2) for especially protected natural area of local significance – by local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital in concurrence with the authorized body.
      In case of creation of the state regional nature park in the lands of the state forest fund, the decision on referring the fields of these lands to the category of the lands of especially protected natural areas shall be made by local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital on the basis of the decision of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan on rezoning the lands of the state forest fund.
      5. Withdrawal of the land fields for creation and expansion of the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves, state regional nature parks, state zoological parks, state botanical gardens, state dendrological parks and state nature monuments shall be carried out in accordance with the Land Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On state property”, by this in case of termination of the right of property to immovable property, the withdrawal of a property from the owner shall be carried out in accordance with the civil legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      6. Natural complexes shall be withdrawn in full or in part, on a continuing basis or for a specified term from economic operation and shall be used considering their especially environmental, scientific, historical and cultural, recreational significance on conditions of payment, with the exception of the state nature sanctuaries and state protected areas in the manner established by this Law.
      Footnote. Article 22 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.12.2008 No. 101-IV (shall be enforced from 01.01.2009); dated 01.03.2011 No. 414-IV (shall be enforced from the date of its first official publication); dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 23. Legal regime of the lands of especially
protected natural areas

      1. Lands of especially protected natural areas, as well as the land fields of other categories of lands occupied by objects of the state natural conservation fund are in the state ownership and shall not be subject to alienation.
      2. Withdrawal of the lands of especially protected natural areas shall not be allowed.
      Rezoning of the lands of especially protected natural areas shall not be allowed, with the exception of cases of transferring into reserve lands for construction and functioning of objects of tourism provided by the documents of the State Planning System of the Republic of Kazakhstan, water facilities having special strategic significance, and only those fields in which the regime of restricted economic activity is established, as well as for construction of objects of the State Border of the Republic of Kazakhstan, their arrangement and maintenance in the absence of other variants of their arrangement, in existence of favourable conclusion of the state environmental examination in the manner established by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2-1. Especially protected natural areas may be used for scientific, cultural, educational, touristic, recreation and restrictive economic purposes in the manner and in terms provided by this Law.
      3. Any activity being inconsistent with intended purpose in the lands of especially protected natural areas shall be prohibited.
      Footnote. Article 23 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 01.12.2008 No. 94-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 01.03.2011 No. 414-IV (shall be enforced from the date of its first official publication); dated 20.07.2011 No. 464-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 24. Reservation of lands for creation and expansion
of especially protected natural areas

      1. In accordance with natural scientific rationales approved by the local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital, the decisions on reserving the land fields shall be made, intended for creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas of republican and local significance in the manner established by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. Reservation of lands for especially protected natural areas shall be carried out without withdrawal of lands from the owners of land fields and land users.
      Before transferring into composition of the lands of especially protected natural areas, the reserved lands shall be used by previous state or non-state land users and owners of land fields in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. Economic activity of the owners of land fields and land users in a reserve territory for the purpose of ensuring the preservation of objects of the state natural conservation fund may be restricted before making decision on creation or expansion of especially protected natural area. By this, the owners of land fields and land users shall have the right to compensation for losses of agricultural and forestry production in a result of restriction of economic activity in reserved land fields.
      4. Compensation for losses to the owners of land fields and land users occurred in a result of restriction of economic activity in reserved land fields intended for creation or expansion of especially protected natural areas shall be carried out in accordance with the budget legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      5. Upon creation or expansion of especially protected natural areas within the borders of cities, the reservation of lands shall be carried out considering the general plans approved in established manner or by making necessary amendments and supplements into the current general plans, urban planning regulations and state urban planning cadaster of basic level.
      Footnote. Article 24 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 25. Passport of especially protected natural area

      1. State bodies the jurisdiction of which includes especially protected natural areas shall make a passport of a standard form of each such territory and register it in the authorized body.
      Each copy of registered passport is original.
      Rules of development and registration (reregistration) of passports of especially protected natural areas of republican and local significance shall be approved by the authorized body.
      2. Passport of especially protected natural area shall include:
      1) the name of especially protected natural area, its type and category;
      2) the name, number and date of passing the act of the state body that created or expended the especially protected natural area;
      3) the name of the state body the jurisdiction of which includes especially protected natural area;
      4) the name of an organization imposed by a duty to protect especially protected natural area that doesn’t have a status of legal entity;
      5) location of especially protected natural area with an index map with identifying touristic infrastructure, geographical coordinates, description of borders, surface of territory and protective zone;
      6) list of objects of the state natural conservation fund being in especially protected natural area with their quantitative and qualitative characteristics;
      7) functional zones of especially protected natural areas and a type of regime of their protection, details on allied owners of land fields and land users, their obligations and impairments on natural management in a protective zone;
      8) permitted and prohibited types of activity, as well as restrictions of separate types of activity in especially protected natural areas;
      9) the rules of visiting, regime of work, recreation load.
      3. Passport of an environmental organization shall be kept in the environmental organization, state body the jurisdiction of which includes this environmental organization, and in the authorized body.
      Passport of the state nature monuments, state nature sanctuaries, state protected areas shall be kept in organization imposed by a duty to protect the mentioned types of especially protected natural areas, in the state body the jurisdiction of which includes this organization, and in the authorized body.
      4. In case of change of intended purpose, reorganization, expansion of especially protected natural area, its passport shall be reregistered.
      Footnote. Article 25 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 26. Management plan of environmental organization

      1. Environmental organizations shall carry out their activity in accordance with the management plan approved by the state body under the jurisdiction of which they are, upon favourable conclusion of environmental examination.
      Management plan of an environmental organization shall be developed for a five years period in accordance with the rules approved by the authorized body.
      2. Management plan of an environmental organization shall include:
      1) analysis of changing natural and socially economic conditions for the previous period;
      2) assessment of activity of an environmental organization for the previous period;
      3) measures on each type of environmental, ecological and educational, scientific, touristic, recreation and restrictive economic activity of an environmental organization for the previous period;
      4) the section for especially protected natural areas created in the lands of the state forest fund wherein full assessment of a forest management and forest use is given for the previous period and measures being under development on protection, defence, reproduction and care of these forest fields for the following period;
      5) mechanisms of realizing a management plan by improvement of control structure, regulatory framework, provision of personnel and raising of their qualification, interaction with a local population and local representative and executive bodies.
      3. Development of a management plan by an environmental organization shall be provided by the state body under the jurisdiction of which it is.

Article 27. State cadastre of especially protected
natural areas

      1. State cadastre of especially protected natural areas shall contain a data system on a legal status of such territories, their location, sizes and borders, geographical coordinates, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the objects of the state natural conservation fund, environmental, scientific, historical and cultural, recreation value, regime types of protection, intended purpose and permitting types of activity.
      2. Data of the state cadastre of especially protected natural areas are the ground for formation of environmental network and are used upon planning of a rational land use and placement of production forces of the regions in consideration of preservation of biological diversity, unique natural landscapes.
      Footnote. Article 27 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 5. PROTECTION AND DEFENCE OF ESPECIALLY PROTECTED
NATURAL AREAS, LEGAL STATUS OF THE STATE INSPECTORS OF
PROTECTIVE SERVICES OF ESPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL AREAS

Article 28. Regime types of protection of especially protected
natural areas

      Depending on a type and functional zoning across the whole especially protected natural area or in specially allocated zones and fields, the following regime types of protection shall be introduced:
      1) reserve status providing a prohibition of any economic activity, as well as other activity violating the natural condition of natural complexes and objects of the state natural conservation fund;
      2) customized regime providing absolute prohibition or restriction of separate types of economic and other activity on a seasonal basis for a specified term or without such;
      3) regulated regime of economic activity providing restrictive use of natural complexes, as well as carrying on traditional types of economic activity by the owners of land fields and land users by practices and methods that do not have an adverse impact on natural complexes and objects of the state natural conservation fund.

Article 29. Protection and defence of especially
protected natural areas

      1. For the purpose of prevention and liquidation of adverse impact on environment, the protection and defence may be conducted in especially protected natural areas.
      2. Protection shall include:
      1) patrolling the territory, as well as with use of land and air transport for the purpose of prevention of the breaches of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected areas;
      2) prevention, detection and liquidation of fires;
      3) protection of waters from pollution, clogging and depletion.
      3. Defence shall include:
      1) prevention and liquidation of adverse impact on waters;
      2) protection of plants, well-timed detection of source areas of harmful insects and forest diseases and struggle against them, sanitary and other forest felling (forest clearance due to construction of roads, upon laying cuttings, creation of fireproof breaks);
      3) ensuring of sanitary epidemiological welfare of a population and veterinary monitoring, regulation of animal numbers for the purpose of prevention of epidemics and epizootic;
      4) protection of lands from erosion.
      4. Prevention, detection and liquidation of fires shall be conducted in accordance with requirements of the regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of fir security.
      5. Defence shall be conducted in consideration of the regime type of protection of especially protected natural areas on the basis of recommendations of scientific organizations and upon permission of the central executive bodies, the jurisdiction of which includes these territories.

Article 30. Restoration of the state natural conservation fund
in especially protected natural areas

      1. For the purpose of restoration of the state natural conservation fund, the following measures may be conducted in especially protected natural areas:
      1) recultivation of previously disturbed lands;
      2) maintenance of favourable regime of water reservoirs;
      3) reproduction of forests and forest planting for the purpose of prevention of erosion processes and improvement of environmental situation;
      4) propagation, breeding and restoration of rare and endangered species of plants and animals in natural environments;
      2. Restoration measures in especially protected natural areas shall be conducted in consideration of the regime type of protection on the basis of recommendations of the relevant scientific organizations and in concurrence with the authorized body.

Article 31. Protection of natural complexes and objects of the
state natural conservation fund of environmental institutions

      1. Protection of natural complexes and objects of the state natural conservation fund of environmental institutions shall be carried out by the state inspectors of protective services included to their staff.
      2. Heads of environmental institutions and their deputies are the chief state inspectors by virtue of position and the deputies of the chief state inspectors no protection of especially protected natural areas at the same time.
      Heads of structural subdivisions of environmental institutions are the senior state inspectors by virtue of position, the specialists of these subdivisions including scientific workers are the state inspectors of environmental institutions by virtue of position.
      Qualification requirements to the civil servants stated in this Article shall be established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 32. Protection of natural complexes and objects of the
state natural conservation fund of the state nature monuments,
state nature sanctuaries and state protected areas

      1. Protection of natural complexes and objects of the state natural conservation fund of the state nature monuments, state nature sanctuaries and state protected areas located in the lands of the state forest fund and the lands adjoining to them, shall be carried out by the state forest security services, in the lands of other land categories – by the state inspectors of environmental institutions.
      2. Securing of the state nature monuments, state nature sanctuaries and state protected areas for the purpose of their protection to the state institutions of forest husbandry, environmental institutions shall be carried out under decisions of the authorized body and local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital within the competence.

Article 32-1. The Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan

      1. The Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan is an illustrated edition of the lists of rare and endangered species of plants and animals containing the totality of details on condition of rare and endangered species of plants and animals in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, necessary measures on their study, protection, reproduction and stable use. The Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a component part of the state cadastre of plant and animal world at the same time.
      2. The Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall include rare and endangered species (subspecies, populations) of plants (higher and lower) and animals (backboned and invertebrate) living in a condition of natural freedom on a permanent or temporary basis on land, in water, atmosphere and soil in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as in continental shelf and exclusive economic zone of the Republic of Kazakhstan in accordance with the rules of keeping the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. Species (subspecies, populations) of plants and animals, number and conditions of sustainable living of which are restored till the limits that exclude a threat of their reproduction and preservation of genofond in a condition of natural freedom shall be subject to removal from the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan approved by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      4. Keeping the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be carried out by the authorized body on account of budget funds and other sources not prohibited by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Lists with illustrations of rare and endangered species of plants and animals recorded into the Red Book shall be published officially, as well as placed on a web-site of the authorized body.
      5. Withdrawal of rare and endangered species of plants shall be carried out on the basis of a decision of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan for:
      1) propagation in specially created conditions;
      2) scientific researches;
      3) selection.
      6. Coming in to the Republic of Kazakhstan and coming out from its boundaries of the objects of plant world, their parts and derivatives, as well as plants referred to the category of rare and endangered plants shall be carried out on the basis of permission issued by the authorized body.
      7. For making recommendations on inclusion of the species of plants and animals into the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan and exclusion from it, the cross sectoral botanical and zoological commissions shall be created, the composition and provisions of which are approved by the authorized body.
      Footnote. Chapter 5 is supplemented by Article 32-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 33. State inspectors of environmental institutions

      1. State inspectors of environmental institutions in borders of their territory and protective zones shall have the right to:
      1) check permission for the right of staying from the persons being in especially protected natural areas;
      2) visit the objects of individuals and legal entities being in the territory of the environmental institution and its protective zone, for the purpose of conducting control of compliance with requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      3) suspend the activity of individuals and legal entities upon detection of the breaches of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas, protection, reproduction and use of animal world, forest legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      4) file suits in court upon detection of the breaches of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas, protection, reproduction and use of animal world, forest legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on termination or prohibition of activity of individuals or legal entities in accordance with the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      5) determine extent of damage inflicted in a result of breach of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas, protection, reproduction and use of animal world, forest legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and hold demands against guilty persons on this basis on voluntary compensation for this damage or bring a suit before a court;
      6) draw up the acts of the state inspectors and direct materials to the relevant state bodies for taking the measures in cases of detection of the breaches of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas, protection, reproduction and use of animal world, forest legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      7) detain the persons in especially protected natural area, its protective zone that breached the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas, protection, reproduction and use of animal world, forest legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan and bring them to the law enforcement bodies;
      8) stop transport and floating vehicles in especially protected natural areas, in its protective zone, survey them;
      9) withdraw firearms, illegally acquired products and tools for their acquisition, transport and floating vehicles from individuals and legal entities that breached the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas, protection, reproduction and use of animal world, forest legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      10) storage, bearing and use of special means and service weapons in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      11) wearing of official uniform with rank badges (without shoulder straps) in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. Actions (omission) and decisions of the state inspectors of environmental institutions may be appealed in superior state bodies or in court.
      3. State inspectors of environmental institutions shall be provided by official uniform with rank badges (without shoulder straps), special means and service weapons in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      4. State inspectors of environmental institutions in accordance with their competence shall draw up the following acts:
      1) act on results of conducting inspection;
      2) protocol on administrative infraction;
      3) prescription on eliminating a violation of requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas, protection, reproduction and use of animal world, forest legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      4) regulation:
      on bringing of guilty persons to administrative liability in case of breaching the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas, protection, reproduction and use of animal world, forest legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      on withdrawal of firearms, tools of acquisition, illegally acquired products, transport and floating means for a temporary storage until delivery of judicial decision.
      Footnote. Article 33 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 17.07.2009 No. 188 (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Chapter 6. FINANCING SYSTEM OF ESPECIALLY PROTECTED
NATURAL AREAS

Article 34. Sources of financing of especially protected
natural areas

      Financing of especially protected natural areas shall be carried out on account of:
      1) budget funds;
      2) funds of environmental institutions;
      3) grants, funds of the development funds of especially protected natural areas, voluntary contributions and charitable gifts of individuals and legal entities.

Article 35. Financing of measures on development and
maintenance of environmental institutions

      Financing of measures shall be carried out on account of budget funds for development and maintenance of environmental institutions depending on their category and shall be directed to:
      1) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      2) covering for damages and compensation for losses inflicted to the owner of land fields or land user due to withdrawal of a land field upon creation and expansion of especially protected natural areas, as well as upon reservation of lands for creation and expansion of these territories;
      3) covering for damages and compensation for losses on restriction of economic activity of the owners of land fields and land users in protective zones of especially protected natural areas;
      4) keeping the State cadastre of especially protected natural areas, lists of objects of the state natural conservation fund;
      5) performance of works on drawing up land use project of allocating the lands and on allocation of borders of especially protected natural area and its protective zone in kind;
      6) construction and reconstruction of objects and structures of administrative economic, scientific, informational and educational, touristic and recreation purpose;
      7) maintenance of staff numbers;
      8) protection, defence and restoration of objects of the state natural conservation fund;
      9) carrying on environmental, scientific, touristic and recreation activity.
      Footnote. Article 35 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 36. Financing of measures on development and
maintenance of environmental organizations created in
the form of the state enterprise

      Financing of measures on development and maintenance of environmental organizations created in the form of the state enterprise shall be carried out in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 37. Financing of measures on protection, defence
and restoration of objects of the state natural conservation
fund of especially protected natural areas without
a status of legal entity

      Financing of measures on protection, defence and restoration of objects of the state natural conservation fund of especially protected natural areas without a status of legal entity shall be carried out by environmental institutions, state institutions of forest husbandry secured to them on account of budget funds allocated to them for these purposes.

Article 38. Funds of environmental institutions

      1. Funds of environmental institutions depending on a profile of their activity and a regime type of protection shall be formed on account of selling the following goods (works, services) not relating to their main activity:
      1) rendering of paid services to individuals and legal entities upon their use of natural complexes in touristic and recreation purposes, as well as:
      upon recommendation of nature trails, viewing points, camping grounds, parking stands, camping areas, tent camps or places for their arrangement; hotels, motels, touristic centres, public catering facilities, objects of trading and other cultural and general purpose being under management of especially protected natural areas, or places for their arrangement; services on locating pipelines, power transmission and communication lines, roads (except for public roads) of in especially protected natural area;
      on carrying out of amateur (sport) hunting and fishing;
      services of conductors, guides, tour guides and interpreters on carrying out cine-, video- and photo survey upon visiting and studying objects of the state natural conservation fund, natural and historical-cultural heritage, natural museums and pets’ corners;
      services on a sanitary clearance and capital improvement of territories and objects provided for use, as well as on performance of works on capital improvement and planting of greenery in territories of other organizations;
      services on production of products for the objects of public catering facilities;
      on rendering of transport services;
      2) incomes from restricted economic activity, as well as from:
      production of souvenir products;
      sale of goods from intermediate felling and other felling, the products of processing the wood gained from them;
      sale of products of collateral forest uses (limited grazing of livestock, maral breeding, haying, amateur gathering of mushrooms, fruits and berries);
      growth of planting material for reproduction of forests and planting of greenery of inhabited localities;
      incomes from sale of goods of limited economic activity, creation of forestry crops, protective and greenery plantings;
      growth of fish seeds;
      production of products and rendering of services under the contracts on mutual activity concluded with individuals and legal entities in touristic, recreation and restricted economic purposes;
      gathering (processing) of forest seeds;
      3) payment for use of symbols (emblems and flag);
      4) incomes from production of print, souvenir and other replicating products;
      5) voluntary contributions and charitable gifts of individuals and legal entities;
      6) grants, funds of the development funds of especially protected natural areas;
      7) incomings from individuals and legal entities inflicting damage to especially protected natural areas and objects of a state natural conservation fund, in accordance with Article 82 of this Law.
      2. Funds from selling goods (works, services) by environmental institutions shall be used in accordance with the budget legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. For the purpose of receiving the incomes from the types of activity mentioned in paragraph 1 of this Article, the environmental institutions may participate in competitions on state procurements.
      Footnote. Article 38 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.12.2008 No. 101-IV (shall be enforced from 01.01.2009); dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

SECTION 2. SPECIAL ASPECTS OF ORGANIZATION, PROTECTION
AND ACTIVITY OF SEPARATE TYPES OF ESPECIALLY PROTECTED
NATURAL AREAS, OBJECTS OF A STATE NATURAL CONSERVATION
FUND AND PROTECTED NATURAL AREAS INCLUDED
INTO ENVIRONMENTAL NETWORK

Chapter 7. STATE NATURAL CONSERVATIONS

Article 39. Definition and main activity of the state
natural conservations

      1. State natural conservation –especially protected natural area with a status of environmental and scientific institution, the purpose of activity of which is preservation and studying of natural course of the natural processes and events, objects of plant and animal word, separate species and communities of plants and animals, typical and unique environmental systems and their restoration in its territory.
      2. Main activity of the state natural conservations shall include:
      1) ensuring of protection regime and restoration of biological diversity of a state natural conservation and its protective zone;
      2) organization and conduct of scientific researches on study and monitoring of environmental systems, objects of a state natural conservation fund including keeping of nature records;
      3) conduct of environmental and educational activity;
      4) participation in the state environmental examination of projects and schemes of placing economic and other objects that may have an adverse impact on environmental systems of a state natural conservation;
      5) regulation of using a territory of a state natural conservation and its protective zone in environmental and educational, scientific and restricted touristic purposes.

Article 40. Protection regime of the state natural
conservations

      1. In the whole territory of a state natural conservation, the reserve protection regime shall be set I consideration of special aspects provided by Article 43-1 of this Law, upon which it shall be prohibited:
      1) the actions that change hydrological regime of a territory;
      2) construction of buildings (structures and facilities), roads, pipelines, power transmission lines and other communications and objects not linked with functioning of a state natural conservation;
      3) geological prospecting works and extraction of mineral resources;
      4) disturbance of soil covering, disturbance of prospecting and rock outcrops;
      5) all the types of forest use, as well as procurement of food, medical and technical plants, as well as their parts and derivatives, haying, grazing of livestock and other types of using the plant world leading to disturbance of vegetation cover, with the exception of sanitary felling required for carrying out of forest protective measures;
      6) hunting and fishing;
      7) trapping and destruction of animals, disturbance of their environmental sanitation and conditions;
      8) introduction of new species of plants and animals, conduct of measures on increase of separate animal species number more than acceptable on natural land capacity;
      9) gathering of collection materials, with the exception of formation of collections of a state natural conservation;
      10) application of chemical and biological methods of a struggle against pests, plant and animal diseases, as well as regulation of animal number;
      11) driving of domestic animals;
      12) noise and other acoustical effects of artificial origin exceeding the standards established by the authorized body;
      13) the activity if it leads a change of a natural outlook of protected landscapes or violation of sustainability of environmental systems or threats to preservation and reproduction of especially valued mineral resources.
      2. Conduct of ground and air works on prevention and extinguishment of forest and steppe fires shall be allowed in a territory of the state natural conservations.
      3. Staying of individuals in a territory of a state natural conservation shall be allowed only in existence of permitting documents, with the exception of workers of the state natural conservations, as well as civil servants of the state bodies the jurisdiction of which includes the state natural conservations.
      4. For affording access to the places respected by followers of one or another religion (places for pilgrimage) being in a territory of a state natural conservation or beyond its boundaries, on roads passing through a territory of a state natural conservation, the administration of the state natural conservation in concurrence with the relevant religion association may permit non-repayable group visiting of these places or approach to these places accompanied by the inspectors of the state natural conservation.
      Footnote. Article 40 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.01.2010 No. 242-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 41. Procedure for organization and maintenance of
scientific activity in the state natural conservations

      1. Scientific activity in the state natural conservations shall be carried out by organization of stationary system supervision on studying natural complexes and objects of the state natural conservation fund, monitoring of natural processes including keeping of the nature records, as well as developments of scientific grounds and methods for preservation of biological diversity, restoration of environmental systems and objects of the state natural conservation fund in accordance with the rules approved by the authorized body.
      2. For organization and maintenance of scientific activity in the state natural conservations, the scientific structural subdivisions shall act with the relevant staff of scientific workers that is ensured by necessary premises and equipment.
      3. Scientific subdivisions of the state natural conservations shall also conduct scientific researches, except for scientific activity provided by paragraph 1 of this Article, in accordance with the plans of scientific research works, approved by the authorized body in concurrence with the central executive body carrying out administration in the field of science and scientific technical activity.
      4. Other scientific organizations and separate scientists may conduct scientific researches in the territories of the state natural conservations on a contractual basis with administration of a state natural conservation in concurrence with the authorized body.
      5. For consideration and approval of plans of scientific researches, reports of scientific workers, the scientific technical councils the composition of which may include scientific workers and specialists of other organizations shall be created in the state natural conservations.
      6. Scientific funds of the state natural conservations shall be subject to termless storage.
      7. State natural conservations shall have the right to publish own scientific work.
      8. Planning and carrying on of scientific works in a territory of the state natural conservations shall be carried out with exclusion of cruel research methods leading to disturbance, suffering, death of animals and destruction of plants, as well as rare and endangered species.
      Footnote. Article 41 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 42. Environmental and educational activity of the state
natural conservations

      1. Environmental and educational activity of the state natural conservations shall be carried out for the purpose of:
      1) support of ideas of reserve management and studies by broad layers of population as a necessary condition of performing the functions of reserving biological diversity by the state natural conservations;
      2) formation and development of environmental culture.
      2. For conduct of environmental and educational events in the state natural conservations, the museums, exposition, demonstration fields and other objects may be created.
      3. Creation of tourist trails and routes for conducting the regulated environmental tourism shall be allowed in the state natural conservations in specially allocated fields that do not include especially valued environmental systems and objects, in the manner established by the authorized body.
      4. State natural conservations may involve specialists and public associations upon carrying out of environmental and educational activity.
      Footnote. Article 42 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 43. Regime of protective zones of the state natural
conservations

      1. In protective zones of the state natural conservations, it shall be prohibited as follows:
      1) creation of new and expansion of existing inhabited localities;
      2) placement, designing, construction and operation of objects, introduction of new technologies having an adverse impact on environmental systems of a state natural conservation;
      3) maintenance of intensive forms of rural and forest husbandry with application of toxic chemicals, manures and herbicide being harmful for plant and animal world;
      4) emission of polluting substances and discharge waters in atmosphere, open water sources and on a relief, placement of wastes;
      5) extraction of mineral resources;
      6) amateur (sport) and commercial hunting;
      7) disposal of radioactive materials and production wastes;
      8) activity that may change the hydrological regime of environmental systems of a state natural conservation (construction of dams, barriers, hydrotechnical structures and other objects leading to termination or lowering of natural water flow);
      9) introduction of alien species of wild animals and wildling plants;
      10) other activity that may have an adverse impact on environmental systems of a state natural conservation.
      2. Different forms of economic activity that do not have an adverse impact on a condition of environmental systems of a conservation may be carried out in a territory of protective zones of the state natural conservations:
      1) forestry activity;
      2) traditional land use including gathering of livestock and haying, as well as other activity within ensuring of long-termed preservation and immunity of biological diversity;
      3) touristic and recreation activity;
      4) use of mineral waters, balneological and climatic resources;
      5) commercial and amateur (sport) fishing;
      6) conduct of land and air works on extinguishment of forest and steppe fires;
      7) recultivation of disturbed lands;
      8) restoration of forest and other plant communities;
      9) restoration of environmental condition and number of wild animals;
      10) use of land fields for arrangement of the places for stay of tourists, arrangement of breeding nurseries for artificial propagation, growth, breeding of endemic, rare and endangered plants and animals, as well as for construction of service buildings (cordons) for residence of workers of a state natural conservation, provision of official land allotments to them.
      3. Events on preservation of environmental sanitation and conditions for propagation of objects of plant and animal world, migration paths and places of concentration of animals shall be provided and carried out, immunity of the fields representing a special value as environmental sanitation of wild animals, as well as other objects of the state natural conservation fund shall be ensured in protective zones of the state natural conservations upon carrying out of the types of activity mentioned in paragraph 2 of this Article.
      4. Restrictions of economic activity of the owners of land fields and land users in protective zones of the state natural conservations shall be established by decisions of local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital.

Article 43-1. Special aspects of protection regime of separate
state natural conservations

      1. In a territory of Markakol state natural conservation, the amateur (sport) fishing for the needs of local population residing in a protective zone of this conservation shall be allowed in especially allocated fields on the basis of biological rationale in existence of favourable conclusion of the state environmental examination in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. In water reservoirs of Korgalzhin state natural conservation, the conduct of events on prevention of suffocation shall be allowed on the basis of biological diversity in existence of favourable conclusion of the state environmental examination in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. The Law is supplemented by Article 43-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.01.2010 No. 242-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 8. STATE NATIONAL NATURE PARKS AND STATE
REGIONAL NATURE PARKS

Article 44. Definition and main activity of the state national
nature parks

      1. State national nature park is especially protected natural area with a status of environmental and scientific institution intended for preservation of biological and landscape diversity, use of unique natural complexes and objects of the state natural conservation fund having especial environmental, scientific, historical-cultural and recreation value in environmental oriented, environmental and educational, scientific, touristic and recreation purposes.
      2. Main activity of the state national nature parks shall include:
      1) preservation of nature parks, unique and sample natural fields, objects of the state natural conservation fund, natural and historical-cultural heritage;
      2) ensuring of protection regime of a state national nature park and its protective zone;
      3) promotion of ecological awareness;
      4) development of scientific methods of preservation of biological diversity;
      5) maintenance of monitoring of environmental systems and separate natural objects under nature records;
      6) restoration of disturbed natural complexes, objects of the state natural conservation fund, natural and historical-cultural heritage;
      7) regulation of using a territory of a state national nature park and its protective zone in environmental and educational, scientific, touristic, recreation and restricted economic purposes.
      Footnote. Article 44 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 45. Zoning, regime of protection and use of a territory
of the state national nature parks

      1. The following zones shall be allocated in a territory of the state national nature parks:
      1) reserve status;
      2) environmental stabilization;
      3) tourist and recreation activity;
      4) restrictive economic activity.
      2. Any economic activity and recreation use of a territory of a state national nature park shall be prohibited in a reserve status zone and the reserve status of protection being relevant to the type of regime of the state natural conservation mentioned in paragraph 1 of Article 40 of this Law shall be established.
      3. Reserve status of protection shall be established in a zone of environmental stabilization with a prohibition of economic and recreation activity, with the exception of regulated environmental tourism and conduct of measures on restoration of disturbed natural complexes and objects of the state natural conservation fund.
      4. Zone of touristic and recreation activity shall be divided into the fields of regulated short-termed vacation and long-termed vacation of visitors of a state national nature park.
      Customized protection regime ensuring preservation of natural complexes and objects of the state natural conservation fund shall be established in a zone of touristic and recreation activity, in a territory of which the regulated touristic and recreation use (except for hunting), including organization of touristic routes, trails, arrangement of camping grounds and viewing points, beaches, boat stations, rental centres of water transport and beach equipment shall be allowed in consideration of the standards of recreation loads.
      5. In a zone of restrictive economic activity, the objects of administrative economic purpose shall be placed, the economic activity required for ensuring protection and functioning of a state national nature park, servicing of its visitors including organization of amateur (sport) hunting and fishing, the construction and operation of recreation centres, hotels, camping, museums and other objects of servicing the tourists.
      6. In all the zones of a state national nature park, the protection, defence and restoration measures provided by its management plan shall be conducted.
      7. In state national nature parks, the scientific and environmental and educational activity shall be carried out in the manner established by Articles 41 and 42 of this Law.
      Footnote. Article 45 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 46. Carrying out of touristic and recreation activity
in the state national nature parks

      1. Touristic and recreation activity in the state national nature parks shall be carried out directly by the state national nature parks, individuals and legal entities in existence of a license for a tour operator activity.
      2. Fields of the state national nature parks for carrying out of touristic and recreation activity shall be provided in short-term use for a term up to 5 years and in long-term use for a term up to 49 years. Provision of these fields, as well as issuance of a permission for their use for the objects of construction for mentioned purposes shall be carried out in accordance with the rues of carrying out of touristic and recreation activity in the state national nature parks and issuance of a permission for use of fields of the state national nature parks for the objects of construction, provided for use for carrying out of touristic and recreation activity, approved by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. Fields for carrying out of touristic and recreation activity shall be provided in accordance with a general plan of infrastructure development of the state national nature park and only in zones of touristic, recreation and restricted economic activity as with existing infrastructure, so for creation of new infrastructure.
      Footnote. Article 46 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 46-1. Construction of objects on fields of the state
national nature parks provided for use for carrying out of
touristic and recreation activity

      1. Construction of objects on fields of the state national nature parks provided for use for carrying out of touristic and recreation activity shall be provided on the basis of a permission of the authorized body and according with a design (design estimate) documentation developed in accordance with a design (rough design) coordinated with the authorized body.
      2. Permission for use of fields of the state national nature parks for the objects of construction provided for use for carrying out of touristic and recreation activity shall be issued by the authorized body.
      3. An individual or legal entity shall have a priority right to prolongation of validity term of a contract upon expiration of the validity term of the contract of using the field provided to him (her, it) in use for carrying out of touristic and recreation activity.
      4. Issues of transferring the right of use of the field provided for use for carrying out of touristic and recreation activity, and of objects of construction on it, shall be determined in a contract of carrying out of touristic and recreation activity.
      5. Irrespectively from transferring the right of use of a land field provided for long-term use for carrying out of touristic and recreation activity, the individuals and legal entities shall be obliged for bringing of the field in a state ensuring preservation of the objects of the state natural conservation fund, and for compliance with requirements on environmental protection, with the exception of cases of transferring the objects of construction to another person in accordance with a written notification of the authorized body, or when otherwise is established by the contract.
      6. Disassembling and removal of objects of construction from the fields shall be carried out by individuals and legal entities with a method being safety for life, health of human and environment, in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. Chapter 8 is supplemented by Article 46-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 47. Special aspects of restricted economic activity of
the state national nature parks

      1. The following types of activity shall be permitted in a zone of restricted economic activity by the state national nature parks:
      1) collateral forest use (restricted grazing of livestock, maral breeding, haying, amateur collection of mushrooms, fruits and berries);
      2) growing planting materials of woody species and bushes, medicinal grass and other plants on restricted areas of traditional use;
      3) conduct of sanitation felling, improvement felling, with the exception of increment felling, and processing of received wood;
      4) production of souvenirs, products of cottage and public craft;
      5) growth of fish seed and commercial fish of indigenous species;
      6) migratory beekeeping with the use of movable bee pavilions;
      7) amateur (sport) hunting;
      8) amateur (sport) fishing;
      9) amelioratory fishery;
      10) scientific-research fishery;
      11) fishery in reproduction purposes.
      2. Restricted economic activity of the state national nature parks shall be carried out in consideration of preservation and restoration of objects of the state natural conservation fund and according the relevant permissions of the state bodies, under the jurisdiction of which they are.
      Amateur (sport) fishery, ameliorative fishery, scientific research fishery, fishery in reproduction purposes shall be carried out according to the relevant permissions of the authorized body issued for water objects located in especially protected natural areas with a status of a legal entity, on the basis of biological rationale in existence of a favourable conclusion of the state environmental examination.
      Footnote. Article 47 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 48. Regime of protective zones of the state
national nature parks

      1. In a zone of the state national nature park there is:
      1) permitted main types of a traditional economic activity of land users ensuring a stable use of natural resources;
      2) prohibited or restricted the types of natural management and economic activity having an adverse impact on environmental systems of the state national nature park established by paragraphs 1-3 of Article 43 of this Law.
      2. Restricted economic activity of the owners of land fields and land users in a protective zone of the state national nature park shall be established by decisions of local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital in accordance with this Law.

Article 49. State regional nature parks

      State regional nature park is an analogue of a state national nature park with a type of regime established for a state national nature park, sets the same purposes and performs the same targets, but relates to especially protected natural area with a status of environmental and scientific institution.

Chapter 9. STATE NATURE RESERVES

Article 50. Definition, grounds of activity and zoning
of the state nature reserves

      1. State nature reserve – especially protected natural area with a status of environmental and scientific institution including land and water environmental systems intended for protection, defence, restoration and maintenance of biological diversity of natural complexes and natural and historical and cultural objects linked with them.
      2. The main activity of the state nature reserves are:
      1) preservation and restoration of biological and landscape diversity, natural environmental systems;
      2) ensuring of protection regime of a state nature reserve;
      3) maintenance of a stable social-economic development of a territory on the basis of environmental economic principle of using the natural resources;
      4) conduct of researches and monitoring for the purpose of protection and stable development of a territory, as well as awareness and education in the field of environment;
      5) regulation of using a territory of a state nature reserve and its protective zone in environmental educational, scientific, recreation, touristic and restricted economic purposes.
      3. Territory of a state nature reserve shall be divided into zones with different types of regimes of protection and use:
      1) reserve status zone (hereinafter – nucleus zone) – a nucleus zone intended for a long-term preservation of genetic resources, biological diversity, environmental systems and landscapes having sufficient sizes for reaching such purposes;
      2) buffer zone – a field of territory that is used for maintenance of environmental oriented economic activity and stable reproduction of biological resources.

Article 51. Regime of reserve status zone of a state
nature reserve

      1. Scientific researches and monitoring of a condition of environment, including keeping of nature records in a reserve status zone of a state nature reserve shall be conducted, the measures in environmental education purposes shall be carried out.
      2. Any economic activity and recreation use of a territory shall be prohibited in a reserve status zone of a state nature reserve and a reserve status of protection being relevant to the type of protection of a state nature reserve established by paragraph 1 of Article 40 of this Law shall be established.

Article 52. Buffer zone regime of a state nature reserve

      1. Different forms of restricted, regulated activity, as well as the activity not having an adverse impact on a state of environmental systems of a nucleus zone may be carried out in a buffer zone:
      1) scientific researches and organization of training centres and preparation of specialists;
      2) monitoring of environment and control of changes of environmental systems;
      3) forestry activity, fire-fighting measures and protection of forest areas;
      4) traditional land use as a part of ensuring a long-term preservation and immunity of biological diversity of a nucleus zone and stability of environmental systems of a state nature reserve in general;
      5) expanded conduct of measures on restoration of biological and landscape diversity, natural environmental systems;
      6) tourism, recreation use, controlled and regulated in accordance with recreation load, established by the rules of visiting especially protected natural areas by individuals;
      7) use of mineral waters and medical resources;
      8) environmental awareness, conduct of training programs, organization of demonstration sites and management of environmentally friendly natural management;
      9) amateur (sport) hunting;
      10) amateur (sport) fishery;
      11) ameliorative fishery;
      12) scientific research fishery;
      13) fishery in reproduction purposes.
      2. The activity that may have an adverse impact on a state of environmental system of a nucleus zone shall be prohibited in a buffer zone of a state nature reserve, particularly:
      1) creation of new inhabited localities;
      2) placement and operation of industrial objects;
      3) construction and operation of production objects;
      4) conduct of geological survey works and development of mineral resources;
      5) fellings for primary use;
      6) introduction of new types of plants and animals;
      7) actions that change a hydrological regime of a territory of nucleus zone and buffer zone;
      8) another activity that may have an adverse impact on environmental system of a nucleus zone.
      3. In the state nature reserves, the environmental educational, touristic and recreation activity shall be carried out in the manner established by Article 41, 42 and 46 of this Law.
      Footnote. Article 52 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 53. Regime of protective zones of the state
nature reserves

      1. In protective zone of a state nature reserve, there is:
      1) permitted the main types of traditional economic activity of land users ensuring a stable use of natural resources;
      2) prohibited or restricted the types of natural management and economic activity having an adverse impact on environmental systems of a state nature reserve established by paragraphs 1-3 of Article 43 of this Law;
      3) prohibited the activity of individuals and legal entities on operation of the tools for sawing of a round wood, with the exception of carrying out such activity by the state nature reserves.
      2. Restrictions of economic activity of the owners of land fields and land users in a protective zone of a state nature reserve shall be established under decisions of the local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital in accordance with this Law.
      Footnote. Article 53 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 10. STATE ZOOLOGICAL PARKS

Article 54. Definition and grounds of activity of
a state zoological park

      1. State zoological park – especially protected natural area with a status of environmental and scientific organization intended for cultural and educational, scientific, educational and environmental activity, genetic conservation and development in conditions of artificial environment of typical, rare and endangered types of animals.
      2. The main activity of the state zoological parks shall include development of scientific basis of preservation, reproduction and use of animal world of Kazakhstan, development of resources of Kazakhstan’s fauna having global impact.

Article 55. Zoning and special aspects of protection of the
state zoological parks

      1. State zoological parks shall include the following zones:
      1) expositional – for management and breeding of animals, as well as access of visitors;
      2) scientific – for conduct of scientific researches;
      3) public – for servicing of visitors;
      4) administrative and production economic.
      2. In the state zoological parks, any actions not linked with performance of their targets that may lead to death of animals maintained in there shall be prohibited.

Article 56. Breeding of animals in the state zoological parks

      1. State zoological parks shall form and ensure preservation of animal collection from domestic and world fauna.
      2. State zoological parks shall carry out import and export operations with animals, their exchange with other zoological profile organizations in established manner in compliance with requirements established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. Veterinary and zootechnical services, nurseries for breeding of rare and endangered animal species shall be created in the state zoological parks.

Article 57. Special aspects of use of the state
zoological parks

      1. State zoological parks shall be used in scientific, cultural and educational purposes.
      2. Scientific researches in the field of maintenance and breeding of animals in captivity or semi-captive conditions shall be conducted in the state zoological parks, as well as the animals enlisted into the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. State zoological parks shall have the right to create banks of scientific findings, funds, museums, lyceums, libraries and archives, popular science and other literature on the issues of activity of these organizations.
      4. State zoological parks shall have the right to have subsidiary husbandries, workshops, zoological shops and other objects required for economic activity being relevant to a profile of these organizations, but not related to their main activity.

Chapter 11. STATE BOTANICAL GARDENS

Article 58. Definition and main activity of a state
botanical garden

      1. State botanical garden – especially protected natural area with a status of environmental and scientific organization intended for conduct of researches and scientific developments on protection, defence, reproduction and use of plant world, as well as rare and endangered plant species.
      2. The main activity of the state botanical gardens shall include development of scientific grounds of preservation, reproduction and use of plant world of Kazakhstan, development of resources of Kazakhstan’s flora having global impact.

Article 59. Zoning and special aspects of protection of
the state botanical gardens

      1. State botanical gardens shall include the following zones:
      1) expositional – for cultivation of plants and access of visitors;
      2) scientific – for conduct of scientific researches and preservation of collection of the plants’ genofond;
      3) public – for servicing of visitors;
      4) administrative and production economic.
      2. In the state botanical gardens, any actions not linked with performance of their targets that may lead to death of the plants cultivated in there shall be prohibited.

Article 60. Cultivation of plants in the state
botanical gardens

      1. State botanical gardens shall form and ensure preservation of plants’ collections of natural, cultural, domestic and world flora.
      2. State botanical gardens shall carry out import and export operations with plants, their exchange with other botanical profile organizations in compliance with requirements established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. Collection and experimental fields, herbaria, nurseries and seed funds shall be created in the state botanical gardens.

Article 61. Special aspects of using the state
botanical gardens

      1. State botanical gardens shall be used in scientific, cultural and educational purposes in established manner.
      2. Scientific researches on introduction and selection of natural, cultural, domestic and world flora, as well as on study, preservation and effective use of planting world of Kazakhstan shall be conducted in the state botanical gardens.
      Scientific researches on formation, preservation, use of collection funds of plants shall be carried out on the basis of the state orders ensuring cultivation of collection funds.
      3. State botanical gardens shall have the right to create the banks of scientific findings, funds, museums, lyceums, libraries and archives, issue scientific, popular science literature on the issues of activity of these organizations.
      4. State botanical gardens shall have the right to create economic experimental basis for production tests of recommended introduced plants and their reproductions for the purpose of introduction into forest, park and garden, rural economic and other branches.
      5. State botanical gardens shall have the right to have subsidiary husbandries, workshops, specialized shops for selling plants and other objects required for economic activity being relevant to the profile of these organizations, but not related to their main activity.

Chapter 12. STATE DENDRALOGICAL PARKS

Article 62. Definition and main activity of a state
dendrological park

      1. State dendrological park – especially protected natural area with a status of environmental and scientific organization with the types of protection regime established by zones intended for protection, defence, reproduction and use of wood and bushy species.
      2. Main activity of the state dendrological parks shall include development of scientific grounds of preservation, reproduction and use of woody vegetation of Kazakhstan, development of resources of Kazakhstan’s flora having global impact.

Article 63. Zoning, special aspects of protection and use
of the state dendrological parks

      1. State dendrological parks shall include the same zones considering their purpose and type of protection regime, as in the state botanical gardens provided by Article 59 of this Law.
      2. State dendrological parks shall be used in scientific, cultural and educational purposes in the same manner and under the same conditions as the state botanical gardens that are established by Article 61 of this Law.

Chapter 13. STATE NATURE MONUMENTS

Article 64. Definition of the state nature monuments

      State nature monument – especially protected natural area that includes separate unique, uncorrectable, valuable natural complexes in ecological, scientific, cultural and esthetic relation, as well as objects of natural and artificial origin related to the objects of the state natural conservation fund.

Article 65. Procedure for creation of the state
nature monuments

      1. Depending on significance, the separate types of objects of the state natural conservation fund and natural complexes shall be declared as the state nature monuments of republican or local significance.
      2. Borders and type of protection regime of territories of the state nature monuments of republican significance shall be approved by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, state nature monuments of local significance – by local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital upon recommendation of the authorized body.
      3. Transfer of the state nature monuments of republican significance and their territories under protection of the persons to the jurisdiction of whom they are transferred, and the state nature monuments of local significance – by local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital that made decisions on their organization.
      4. State nature monuments of republican significance situated in a territory of the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves, state regional nature parks and other types of especially protected natural territories shall be considered in their composition.
      Upon creation or expansion of the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature reserves, the nature monuments of local significance shall be excluded from the list of especially protected natural areas of local significance and shall be included into the list of especially protected natural territories of republican significance in existence of the relevant rationale in a feasibility study of creation of expansion of these types of especially protected natural areas.
      Footnote. Article 65 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 66. Protection regime of territories of the
state nature monuments

      1. Reserve status of protection being relevant to the type of protection regime of the state natural conservations shall be established in the territories of the state nature monuments with prohibition of any activity leading to violation of preservation of the state nature monuments.
      1-1. In territories of the state nature monuments, the measures on their preservation and restoration shall be conducted in accordance with projects developed by organizations being specialized in this field.
      2. Protection of the state natural conservations shall be carried out in accordance with Article 32 if this Law.
      Footnote. Article 66 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 14. STATE NATURE SANCTUARIES

Article 67. Definition and types of the state
nature sanctuaries

      1. State nature sanctuary – especially protected natural area with a protection regime or regulated regime of economic activity intended for preservation and reproduction of one or several objects of the state natural conservation fund.
      2. According to functional purpose, the state nature sanctuaries may be subdivided into the following types:
      1) complex – for preservation and restoration of especially protected natural complexes;
      2) biological (botanical, zoological) – for preservation and restoration of valuable, rare and endangered species of plants and animals;
      3) palaeontological – for preservation of animal, plant fossils and their complexes;
      4) hydrological (bog, lake, river) – for preservation of valuable objects and complexes of wetlands;
      5) geomorphological – for preservation of rare and unique natural forms of a relief;
      6) geological and mineral – for preservation of rare geological and mineral formations;
      7) soil – for preservation of typical and rare types of soils;
      8) hydrogeological – for preservation of unique groundwater deposits.
      Footnote. Article 67 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 68. Special aspects of creation of the state
nature sanctuaries

      1. State nature sanctuaries shall be created on the fields of lands of all categories without their withdrawal from the owners of land fields and land users.
      Borders of the state nature sanctuaries shall be established according to the borders of the land fields of the owners and land users or according to the natural geographic boundaries and shall be designated by special signs afield.
      Owner of a land field or land user shall be obliged to ensure the right of restricted intended use of the land field on which the state nature sanctuary is located.
      Restrictions of economic activity of the owners of land fields and land users in a territory of a state nature sanctuary shall be established by decisions of local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital in the manner provided by the Land Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. State nature sanctuaries shall be created as:
      1) termless – without specification of terms of functioning;
      2) long-term – for the term more than 10 years;
      3) short-term – for the term less than 10 years.
      3. Environmental institutions, state institutions of forest husbandry for which the state nature sanctuaries are secured, shall organize measures on protection and restoration of the objects of the state natural conservation fund located in there by efforts of special security services in accordance with Article 32 of this Law.
      Footnote. Article 68 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 69. Special aspects of regime of protection and use
of the state nature sanctuaries

      1. In the state nature sanctuaries, any activity if it threatens to preservation of objects of the state natural conservation fund or deteriorates their reproduction, as follows, shall be prohibited:
      1) in the complex state nature sanctuaries – economic activity creating threatening to preservation of natural complexes, introduction of alien species of plants and animals;
      2) in zoological state nature sanctuaries – hunting, extraction of animals by any methods and means, with the exception of fish, introduction of alien species of plants and animals, destruction of nests, holes, lairs and other wildlife habit areas, gathering of eggs, equally as the other actions that causing or may cause death of animals, with the exception of the cases of withdrawal in scientific and research, reproduction and ameliorative purposes under permission of the authorized state body in the field of protection, reproduction and use of animal world in concurrence with the authorized body;
      3) in botanical state nature sanctuaries – grazing of livestock, haying, all the types of forest felling, gathering of flowers, excavation of roots, nodules and bulbs of plants, starting fires, ride and movement out of existing roads of transport vehicles, introduction of alien species of plants and animals, equally as the other actions causing or that may cause damage and destruction of vegetation;
      4) in hydrogeological state nature sanctuaries – extraction of rock, gravel, sand and other mineral resources, destruction of caves, performance of earthwork operations, actions that may cause a change of natural hydrological regime, surveying works and scientific researches linked with violation of natural components of a state nature sanctuary.
      1-1. In complex zoological state nature sanctuaries, hunting and fishing shall be permitted by the authorized state body in the field of protection, reproduction and use of animal world in existence of positive conclusion of the state environmental examination for biological rationale of admitted volume of withdrawals of the objects of animal world not threatening to preservation of the objects of the state natural conservation fund.
      2. Special aspects of regime of the state nature sanctuaries shall be determined by a passport.
      3. State nature sanctuaries may be used in scientific, environmental and educational, touristic, recreation and restricted economic purposes.
      Owners of land fields and land users shall have the right to carry out economic activity in the state nature sanctuaries in compliance with established restrictions.
      Footnote. Article 69 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.01.2010 No. 242-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Chapter 15. STATE PRESERVED AREAS

Article 70. Definition, purposes and tasks of a state
preserved area

      State preserved area – especially protected natural area with differentiated types of protection regime intended for preservation and restoration of the objects of the state natural conservation fund and biological diversity on the land fields and aquatic areas reserved for the state natural conservations, state national nature parks, state nature sanctuaries.

Article 71. Procedure for creation of the state preserved zones

      1. State preserved areas shall be declared on the land fields of all the categories without their withdrawal from the owners of land fields and land users.
      2. Owner of a land field or land user shall be obliged to ensure the right of restricted intended use of the land field on which a state preserved area is located.

Article 72. Special aspects of protection and use of the
state preserved areas

      1. In the state preserved areas, the activity shall be prohibited in case if it may cause changes of a natural image of protected landscapes or violation of a stability of environmental systems or threatens to preservation and reproduction of especially protected natural resources.
      2. State preserved areas shall include the fields with reservation and protection types of regime, as well as with regulated regime of economic activity.
      3. State preserved areas may be used in all the purposes provided for especially protected natural areas, considering the special aspects of types of their protection regimes.
      4. Restrictions to economic activity of the owners of land fields and land users in the state preserved areas shall be established by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      5. Environmental institutions, state institutions of forest husbandry for which the state preserved areas are secured, shall organize the measures on protection and restoration of the objects of the state natural conservation fund located on them by efforts of special security services in accordance with Article 32 of this Law.
      6. In a territory of the state preserved areas, the geological survey, prospecting of mineral resources shall be permitted in concurrence with the authorized body considering the special environmental requirements established by the Environmental Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Extraction of mineral resources shall be allowed in exceptional cases under decision of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, upon the recommendation of the authorized state body on study and use of subsoil, coordinated with the authorized body, considering the special environmental requirements established by the Environmental Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. Article 72 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 9 January 2007 No. 213 (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 73. State preserved area in the northern part
of the Caspian Sea

      1. Aquatic area of the eastern part of the Northern Caspian Sea with Volga and Ural rivers estuaries (within the Republic of Kazakhstan) is included into the state preserved area of the northern part of the Caspian Sea intended for preservation of fish resources, ensuring of optimal living environment and natural reproduction of sturgeons and other valuable fish species.
      2. In a state preserved area in the northern part of the Caspian Sea, the possibilities for development of fishing industry, water transport, state geological survey, intelligence and extraction of raw hydrocarbons shall be ensured in consideration of special environmental requirements established by the Environmental Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. Article 73 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 9 January 2007 No. 213 (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Chapter 16. OBJECTS OF THE STATE NATURAL CONSERVATION FUND

Article 74. Especially valuable plantings of the state
forest fund

      1. Especially valuable plantings of the state forest fund shall include valuable forest areas, fruit-tree plantings, areas of riparian and subalpine forests that may be included into the composition of especially protected natural areas or included into the following categories of especially protected natural areas:
      1) forest fields having scientific significance including forest genetic reserves;
      2) nut production zones;
      3) subalpine forests.
      2. In the fields of especially valued plantings of the state forest fund, the reserve or protection regime of their protection and use shall be established in accordance with this Law and the forest legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 75. Wetlands having international significance

      1. Wetlands having international significance are natural and artificial reservoirs including maritime aquatic areas that serve as reserves of essential combination of rare, vulnerable or endangered species or subspecies of plants or animals, primarily migratory swimming birds representing international resource.
      2. Wetlands having international significance shall be included into the composition of especially protected natural areas.
      3. In wetlands having international significance, the reserve or protection types of regime or regulated regime of economic activity ensuring security and restoration of habit area of swimming birds shall be established.

Article 76. Unique natural water objects or their fields

      1. Unique natural water objects or their fields shall include seas, rivers, lakes, glaciers and other surface water objects or their parts having especial environmental, scientific, historical and cultural, recreation significance.
      2. Depending on significance, the unique natural water objects or their fields shall be included into the composition of the lands of especially protected natural areas of republican or local significance, as well as separate types of especially protected natural areas may be created within their borders.
      3. Reserve, protection or regulated types of regime of water use shall be established in unique natural water objects or their fields ensuring their protection in accordance with this Law and water legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 77. Fields of subsoil representing especial
environmental, scientific, historical and cultural,
recreation value

      1. Fields of subsoil representing especial environmental, scientific, historical and cultural, recreation value shall include:
      1) geological objects – natural and artificial exposures in which there are reference or specific sections, specific tectonic structures, rare rock formations and minerals, meteorites, preserved fossil remains of fauna and flora;
      2) geomorphological objects – terraces, alluvial lands, caves, ravines, canyons, waterfalls and other forms of relief reflecting demonstrably the processes of bulge forming and having especial value for tourism and recreation;
      3) hydrogeological objects – subsurface waters and their outcroppings that differ by unique and rare properties;
      4) fields of subsoil with cave drawings, ancient mine workings and other objects on use of subsoil having historical, archeological and ethnographic significance.
      2. In the fields of subsoil representing especial environmental, scientific, historical and culture, recreation value, any activity threatening to preservation of geological, geomorphological and hydrogeological objects of the state natural conservation fund shall be prohibited in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 78. Rare and endangered species of plants and animals

      1. The list of rare and endangered species of plants and animals shall be approved by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. Protection of rare and endangered species of plants and animals shall be carried out by the state. Individuals and legal entities shall be obliged to take measures on their protection.
      3. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 N. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).
      4. Withdrawal of rare and endangered species of animals, as well as their derivatives shall be allowed in exceptional cases under decision of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan for:
      1) breeding in specially created conditions and the following release to the live environment;
      2) development of the national types of hunting;
      3) scientific researches;
      4) selection.
      Footnote. Article 78 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 79. Unique single objects of plant world having
especial scientific and (or) historical
and cultural significance

      1. Unique single objects of plant world having especial scientific and (or) historical and cultural significance shall include single specimens and (or) separate groups of trees, bushes and herbage plants characterizing by unique properties (history of origin, life duration, form and size of body, top, sizes of flowers, fruits and seeds, other properties) being in natural environment or in artificial conditions that represent scientific interest and (or) historical and cultural significance.
      2. Selection of unique single objects of plant world having especial scientific and (or0 historical and cultural significance, as objects of the state natural conservation fund shall be carried out upon conduct of land use planning, forest planning, urban planning works.
      3. Protection of unique single objects of plant world having especial scientific and (or) historical and cultural significance shall be carried out by the state. Individuals and legal entities shall be obliged to take measures on protection of unique single objects of plant world having especial scientific and (or) historical and cultural significance declared as objects of the state natural conservation fund.

Chapter 17. ELEMENTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL NETWORK LINKED WITH
A SYSTEM OF ESPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL AREAS

Article 80. Definition of elements of environmental network
linked with a system of especially protected natural areas

      1. Elements of environmental network are the natural complexes representing a set of the land fields, water surface and air space positionally connected between each other that on condition of their environmental systems and own location are linked with a system of especially protected natural areas and ensure stability of natural and cultural landscapes, preservation of biological diversity of the territory of the country.
      2. Elements of environmental network shall include the land fields of health-improving and recreation purpose, protective zones of especially protected natural areas, environmental corridors, state forest fund, water protection zones, water objects sheets and other protected fields of natural objects, as well as hunting lands.
      3. Procedure for establishment and use of the land fields of health improving and recreation purpose, state forest fund, water protection zones and water objects sheets, hunting lands, fishery waters shall be regulated by the special legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 81. Environmental corridors

      1. Environmental corridors shall be created on the land fields of all the categories without their withdrawal from the owners of land fields and land users for ensuring of positional connection between especially protected natural areas and other elements of environmental network for the purpose of preservation of the objects of the state natural conservation fund, biological diversity, protection of natural migration paths of animals and propagation of plants living and growing in especially protected natural areas.
      2. In the fields of environmental corridors, the regulated regime of using these lands ensuring preservation of wild animals at the places of their temporary habitation, passages during migration, preservation of the habitats of wild plants shall be established.
      Special aspects of the regime of environmental corridors shall be determined by a passport of especially protected natural area.
      3. Decision on creation of environmental corridor shall be made by local executive bodies of oblasts, cities of republican significance, the capital on suggestion of the natural scientific rationale.
      Borders of environmental corridors shall be established according to the natural geographic boundaries and shall be designated by special signs afield.
      Protection and management of environmental corridors shall be carried out by environmental institutions. Securing of environmental corridors to environmental corridors shall be carried out by decisions of the authorized body.
      4. General scheme of organization of territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, multiregional schemes of territorial development, complex schemes of urban planning and other urban planning documentation concerning a territory of environmental corridors shall be subject to coordination with the authorized body.
      Footnote. Article 81 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 25.01.2012 No. 548-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 18. FINAL CONCLUSIONS

Article 82. Compensation for harm inflicted by a breach of
the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the
field of especially protected natural areas

      Individuals and legal entities that inflicted harm to especially protected natural areas and objects of the state natural conservation fund shall be obliged to compensate for it to environmental organizations in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in full measure, in amount of expenses for restoration of especially protected natural area and objects of the state natural conservation fund considering the incurred losses.

Article 83. Liability for the breach of the legislation of
the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially
protected natural areas

      Breach of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of especially protected natural areas shall entail liability established by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. Article 83 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.01.2010 No. 242-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 84. International cooperation in the field of
especially protected natural areas

      International cooperation in the field of especially protected natural areas shall be carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan and international treaties ratified by the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 85. Order of enforcement of this Law

      1. This Law enters into force from the date of its official publication, with the exception of Article 32 that enters into force from 1 January 2007.
      2. The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 15 July 1997 “On especially protected natural areas” (The Bulletin of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 1997, NO. 17-18, Article 215; 1999, No. 11, Article 357; 2001, No. 3, Article 20; No. 24, Article 338; 2004, No. 10, Article 57; No. 23, Article 142; 2006, No. 3, Article 22) shall be deemed to have lost force.

      The President
      of the Republic of Kazakhstan