On Space Activity

The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 6 January 2012 No. 528-IV

Unofficial translation

      This Law regulates public relations on carrying out of space activity in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Chapter 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1. Basic definitions, used in this Law

      The following basic definitions shall be used in this Law:
      1) launch area – the complex of technical equipment, devices, buildings, constructions and land plots, intended for ensuring the preparation and carrying out of launching of space objects;
      2) space craft – the technical device, intended for leading out in cosmic space for the purpose of research and (or) use of cosmic space;
      3) national operators of the space systems – the legal entities, carrying out management of space systems and their operation;
      4) space system – the set of functionally interrelated orbital and ground technical equipment, intended for solution of problems in the cosmic space;
      5) space missile system – the set of rocket vehicle and technical equipment, constructions, support equipment and communications, ensuring receipt, storage, preparation for launching and launching of the rocket vehicle with the space vehicle;
      6) cosmic space – the space, extending beyond the air space at a height of more than one hundred kilometers above sea level;
      7) space activity – the activity oriented on research and use of cosmic space for achieving the scientific, economic, ecological, defence, informational and commercial purposes;
      8) participants of the space activity – the individuals and (or) legal entities, carrying out space activity in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as in cosmic space in accordance with this Law;
      9) project in the field of space activity – the set of measures on creation of space hardware and technology, oriented to carry out of space activity;
      10) project in the field of space activity of dual-purpose – the project in the field of space activity, implemented as for solution of social and economic problems, as well as for the purposes of defence support and safety ensuring;
      11) authorized body in the field of space activity – the central executive body, carrying out management in the field of space activity, as well as within the ambits, provided by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, - cross-sector coordination;
      12) space object – the spacecraft and (or) the vehicle for its launching to the cosmic space and their component parts;
      13) objects of the space branch – the industrial facilities, buildings, constructions and other immovable property of participants of the space activity, used upon carrying out of space activity;
      14) space services – the services, rendered with the use of space hardware and technology;
      15) high-precision satellite navigation system – the functional additions of the global navigation satellite system, including the facilities of the ground and (or) space basing;
      16) global navigation satellite system – the space system, intended for determination of coordinate and timeparameters (geographical coordinates and heights, speed and direction of movement, time) of surface, water and air objects;
      17) remote sensing of the Earth – the process of receiving information about the Earth surface by reviewing and measuring of intrinsic and reflected radiations of the elements of the land, ocean and atmosphere from the cosmic space;
      18) astronaut candidates of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter – astronaut candidate) – the citizen of the Republic of Kazakhstan, qualified preselection and oriented to preparation for receiving qualification of the astronaut;
      19) astronaut of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter – astronaut) – the citizen of the Republic of Kazakhstan, taken the training, received the documents on certification of astronaut (astronaut-test engineer, astronaut-researcher, instructor-astronaut) and status of the astronaut;
      20) satellite navigation – the progress of solving the problems of navigation with the use of global navigation satellite system for determination of coordination and time parameters of objects;
      21) satellite navigation services – the activity, intended for satisfying the needs in additional (in respect of normally rendered by the global navigation satellite systems) services on determination of coordination and time parameters of objects;
      22) rocket vehicle – the technical equipment, intended for leading out of space vehicles in cosmic space;
      23) impact area of separable parts of rocket vehicles – the land plot on which the used and separated elements and (or) fragments of rocket vehicles while in flight fall (land);
      24) transporter of space vehicle – the set of radio transmitters, established on the space vehicle and intended for retransmission of the Earth to space, space to Earth signals;
      25) launching services – the set of measures on organization and carrying out of launchings of rocket vehicles for the purpose of leading out in cosmic space of the space vehicles;
      26) launch vehicle – the rocket vehicle, aviation space and missile system intended for leading out of space vehicles in cosmic space.

Article 2. Legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of space activity

      1. Legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of space activity shall be based on the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan and shall consist of this Law and other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. If the international treaty, ratified by the Republic of Kazakhstan established other rules, than those contained in this Law, the rules of international treaty shall be applied.

Article 3. Principles of carrying out the space activity

      The principles of carrying out the space activity shall be:
      1) compliance of the national interests, defence support and national security of the Republic of Kazakhstan upon carrying out of the space activity;
      2) support of the priority directions of development of the space activity;
      3) economic stimulation of the space activity;
      4) compensation of harm to the health of individuals, damage to environment, property of individuals and legal entities, the state, arising due to carrying out of the space activity;
      5) compliance of environmental requirements, requirements in the field of technical regulation and ensuring of sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population;
      6) compliance with the rules of international law in the field of space activity;
      7) effective and rational use of cosmic space and outer space infrastructure of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      8) stimulation of the attracting investments in development of the space activity upon compliance with the state interests of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 4. Direction of the space activity

      Space activity in the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be carried on the following directions:
      1) creation and use of the objects of space branch;
      2) research of the cosmic space, planets and solar-terrestrial relationship;
      3) remote sensing of the Earth;
      4) coordinate temporary and navigation support;
      5) creation and use of the space systems of communication;
      6) carrying out of launching of the space objects;
      7) development of the national market of space services and extension of space services at the world market;
      8) international cooperation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of research and use of cosmic space for peaceful purposes.

Article 5. Types of the space activity on creation and use of outer space infrastructure

      For the purpose of creation and use of outer space infrastructure in the Republic of Kazakhstan, the following types of the space activity shall be carried out:
      1) scientific and research developments;
      2) design-and-engineering and technological developments;
      3) production and testing of experimental, experienced and commercial samples of the space hardware;
      4) technical operation, repair and modernization of the space hardware;
      5) utilization of the space objects and technical equipment;
      6) rendering of the space services to the final consumers.

Article 6. Material and personnel basis of the space activity

      Material and personnel basis of the space activity of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be:
      1) scientific, scientific and technological and scientific and experimental basis;
      2) design-and-engineering and production basis;
      3) basis on operation of the space hardware;
      4) basis on rendering of space services to the final consumers;
      5) regular personnel of the participants of space activity.

Article 7. Financing of the space activity

      Financing of the space activity shall be carried out at the expense of budgetary funds and other sources, not prohibited by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Chapter 2. STATE REGULATION AND CONTROL IN THE FIELD OF SPACE ACTIVITY

Article 8. Competence of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of space activity

      The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall:
      1) develop basic directions of the state policy in the field of the space activity and shall organize their carrying out;
      2) coordinate the issues of international cooperation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of the space activity;
      3) approve the procedure for coordination and adoption of decisions on launching of the space objects from the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as beyond its boundaries in case of their carrying out by Kazakhstan participants of the space activity;
      4) approve the procedure for selection of astronaut candidates and awarding of status of astronaut candidate, astronaut;
      5) adopt decisions on launching of the space objects from the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as beyond its boundaries in case of their carrying out by the Kazakhstan participants of the space activity;
      6) determine the procedure for payment of the lump sum compensation to the astronaut candidate, astronaut upon determination of disability, came due to injury, maim, disease, received upon fulfillment of official duties, as well as in case of his (her) death (death incident) due to fulfillment of official duties;
      7) approve technical regulations in the field of space activity;
      8) determine the measures on development and economic support of the launch area “Baikonur”;
      9) approve the procedure for provision of transponders of spacecrafts to individuals and (or) legal entities;
      10) determine the procedure for planning of space survey, receipt, processing and distribution of information of the Earth’s remote sensing by the national operator of space system of the Earth’s remote sensing;
      11) determine procedure for organization and rendering of satellite navigation services by the national operator of the high -precision satellite navigation system;
      12) determine the national operators of space systems, as well as their objectives and functions upon the recommendation of the authorized body in the field of space activity;
      13) approve the rules of creation and operation (application) of the space systems in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as in the cosmic space, the rules of creation and operation (application) of the space missile weapon systems in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      14) determine the procedure for utilization of the space objects and technical equipment, taken out of operation;
      15) approve qualifying requirements, submitted to the activity of the scope of use of the cosmic space;
      16) determine the procedure for carrying out the branch review of projects in the field of space activity by the authorized body in the field of space activity;
      17) approve the procedure for state registration of the space objects and rights to them;
      18) approve the form of register of the space objects;
      19) fulfill other functions, imposed on it by the Constitution, this Law, other Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan and acts of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 9. Competence of the authorized body in the field of space activity

      1. The authorized body in the field of space activity (hereinafter - the authorized body) shall:
      1) ensure implementation of the state policy in the field of space activity;
      2) ensure implementation of projects and programs in the field of space activity, including conduct of scientific research and development engineering works;
      3) carry out the state regulation in the field of space activity;
      4) develop the procedure for coordination and adoption of decisions on launchings of the space objects from the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as beyond its boundaries in case of their carrying out by the Kazakhstani participants of the space activity;
      5) develop the procedure for selection of astronaut candidates and awarding of the status of astronaut candidate, astronaut;
      6) develop the procedure for payment of lump sum compensation to astronaut candidate, astronaut upon determination of disability, came due to injury, maim, disease, received upon fulfillment of official duties, as well as in case of his (her) death (death incident) due to fulfillment of official duties;
      7) carry out licensure in the scope of use of the cosmic space;
      8) develop qualifying requirements, submitted to the activity in the scope of use of the cosmic space;
      9) carry out the state control in the field of space activity;
      10) carry out the branch review of projects in the field of the space activity;
      11) develop the procedure for the state registration of space objects and rights to them;
      12) carry out the state registration of the space objects and rights to them;
      13) keep register of the space objects;
      14) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 13.01.2014 No. 159-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      15) develop and approve the provision on astronaut corps of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      16) draft and pass the regulatory legal acts in the field of space activity within its competence;
      17) carry out the international cooperation in the field of space activity and represent the interests of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the international organizations and foreign states;
      18) organize development of the technical regulations and national standards in the field of space activity in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on technical regulation;
      19) develop the procedure for provision of transponder of the space vehicles to individuals and (or) legal entities;
      20) develop the procedure for planning the space surveys, receipt, processing and distribution of information of the Earth’s remote sensing by the national operator of space system of the Earth’s remote sensing;
      21) develop the procedure for organization and rendering of the satellite navigation services by the national operator of the high-guided satellite navigation system;
      22) present the list of legal entities to the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan for determination of the national operators of space systems, as well as their objectives and functions;
      23) develop the rules of creation and operation (application) of the space systems in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as in cosmic space, the rules of creation and operation (application) of space missile weapon systems in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
      24) develop the procedure for utilization of space objects and technical equipment, taken out of operation;
      25) establish the procedure for acceptance of results on completed projects in the field of space activity;
      26) participate in organization of exploration, rescue and salvage operations, as well as in investigation of accidents upon carrying out of space activity within its competence;
      27) carry out the other powers, provided by this Law, other Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan, acts of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan and Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. The functions of the authorized body on implementation of the projects in the field of space activity of dual-purpose shall be implemented jointly with the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Footnote. Article 9 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.07.2012 No. 31-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 13.01.2014 No. 159-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 10. Branch review of projects in the field of space activity

      1. Projects in the field of space activity shall be subject to compulsory branch review.
      2. Branch review of projects in the field of space activity shall be carried out by the authorized body for the purpose of determination of practicability, technical capability, economic efficiency, as well as of compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, technical regulations and standards in the field of space activity.
      3. Branch review of projects in the field of space activity shall be carried out in terms, not exceeding thirty business days from the date of presentation of projects materials to the authorized body.
      Repeated branch review of projects in the field of space activity, carried out after elimination of comments of the authorized body, detected upon carrying out of initial review shall be carried out in terms, not exceeding twenty business days.
      4. Implementation of projects in the field of space activity without favourable opinion of the branch review in the field of space activity shall be prohibited.

Article 11. State registration of the space objects and rights to them

      1. 1. The following space objects shall be subject to state registration:
      1) belonging to the individuals or legal entities of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as the rights to these space objects;
      2) belonging to foreign individuals or legal entities, launched to the cosmic space from the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. The state registration of space objects and rights to them, mentioned in subparagraph 1) of paragraph 1 of this Article shall be considered as the accounting of space objects, act of recognition and confirmation of origin, amendment or termination of the rights (encumbrance of rights) by the state to the space object in accordance with the civil legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      The state registration of space objects, mentioned in subparagraph 2) of paragraph 1 of this Article shall be considered as the record in the register of space objects without the state registration of rights to them.
      3. Space objects, mentioned in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be subject to the state registration in accordance with the order of state registration of space objects and rights to them.
      The state registration shall be carried out within fifteen business days from the date of receiving the application to the authorized body.
      4. The rights to space objects shall be created from the moment of their state registration and shall be confirmed by the certificate on state registration, issued by the authorized body.
      In case of loss of certificate on state registration, the authorized body shall issue a duplicate copy of specified document to an applicant. The duplicate copy of the certificate on state registration shall be issued in accordance with the procedure of state registration of space objects and rights to them.
      5. The fee shall be collected for the state registration and issuance of duplicate copy of the certificate on state registration in the manner and amount, determined by the tax legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      6. The following documents shall be presented to the authorized body for the state registration of space object and rights to it:
      1) application;
      2) copy of the entitling document to space object (notarized in case of non-presentation of the original for reviewing);
      3) copy of licensure to the right of carrying out the activity in the scope of use of cosmic space (notarized in case of non-presentation of the original for reviewing);
      4) the document, confirming payment to the budget of amount of fee for the state registration of space object and rights to it.
      7. Grounds for refusal of the state registration of space object and rights to it shall be:
      1) presentation of incomplete package of documents by an applicant, required for the state registration;
      2) presentation of documents, inconsistent with requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan by an applicant;
      3) existence of encumbrance of the rights to space object, restricting or excluding disposition of the space object;
      4) court decision, entered into force, restricting or excluding the right of disposal of the space object.
      Upon refusal of the state registration, the authorized body shall send written substantiated response with specification of reasons for refusal within fifteen business days from the date of receipt of application.
      9. Refusal of the state registration of space object and rights to it may be appealed in court in accordance, established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      10. Upon elimination of grounds for refusal in state registration, the application to the state registration may be submitted repeatedly.
      11. After carrying out of the state registration, as well as upon presentation of the documents to the authorized body by an applicant, confirming the fact of destruction or utilization of space object, the authorized body shall make the relevant record in the register of space objects.

Article 12. State control in the field of space activity

      State control in the field of space activity shall be carried out by the authorized body in the form of inspection in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On state control and supervision in the Republic of Kazakhstan”.

Chapter 3. CARRYING OUT OF SPACE ACTIVITY

Article 13. Licensure of the activity in the scope of use of cosmic space

      The activity of individuals and legal entities in the scope of use of cosmic space shall be carried out on the basis of licensure, issued in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on licensure.

Article 14. Scientific researches in the field of space activity

      1. Scientific researches in the field of space activity shall include fundamental and applied scientific researches and space experiments, oriented to ensuring of scientific support for space activity and development of new samples of space hardware and technology.
      Scientific researches in the field of space activity shall be performed within scientific, scientific-technical projects and programs, coordinated by the authorized body in the field of science. Scientific, scientific-technical projects and programs shall be developed and implemented under the leadership of the authorized body with involvement of scientists, highly trained professionals and scientific workers, scientific and social organizations, higher education institutes of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. Legal protection of objects of intellectual property, received upon development of space hardware and technology shall be carried out in the manner, determined by the Civil Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan and other Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 15. Creation of space systems and space missile weapon systems

      Creation of space systems and space missile weapon systems shall include scientific research results, designing, manufacture, assembling, construction, testing of space systems and space missile weapon systems, their component parts, as well as placing in operation.

Article 16. Use of space communication system

      1. Regulation of use of the space communication system shall be represented as the set of legal, economic, organizational and technical measures, oriented to its effective use.
      2. Space communication system is intended for provision of transponders of space crafts for the needs of individuals and (or) legal entities.
      3. National operator of the space communication system shall ensure technical operation of the space communication system and shall render services on provision of transponders of space crafts to individuals and (or) legal entities in accordance, approved by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      4. National operator of the space communication system in concurrence with the authorized body in the field of communication shall cooperate with foreign operators of space communication for the purposes of reservation of transponders of the national spacecrafts, as well as extension of coverage areas by the national space vehicles beyond the boundaries of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 17. Use of space system of the Earth’s remote sensing

      1. Space system of the Earth’s remote sensing shall be intended for collection of dimensional information on surface and surface structure of the Earth, description of nature and temporal variability of natural parameters and occurrence, natural resources, environment, as well as anthropogenous factors and formations for the purposes of scientific, social and economic, ecological and defence objectives by the space survey.
      2. National operator of the space system of the Earth’s remote sensing shall plan the space surveys, receive, process and distribute information of the Earth’s remote sensing to individuals and (or) legal entities, state bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan in accordance, determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 18. Use of the high-precision satellite navigation system

      1. Higj-precision satellite navigation system shall be intended for provision of information to consumers on integrity of the global navigation satellite system, as well as information, permitting increase the accuracy of determination of the coordinate temporary parameters.
      2. The national operator of the high-precision satellite navigation system shall render navigation services over the whole territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan in accordance, determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 19. Use of space missile systems

      1. Space missile weapon systems shall be intended for launching the space objects in cosmic space.
      2. Launchings of space objects with the use of space missile systems shall be carried out in existence of favourable decision of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, adopted in accordance with the procedure for coordination and adoption of decisions on launchings of space objects from the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as beyond its boundaries in case of their carrying out by the Kazakhstani participants of space activity.

Chapter 4. OUTER SPACE INFRASTRUCTURE

Article 20. Objects of outer space infrastructure of the Republic of Kazakhstan

      1. Objects of outer space infrastructure of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be the ground of its space branch and shall include:
      1) objects of ground outer space infrastructure;
      2) space objects.
      2. Objects of outer space infrastructure shall be the strategic facilities.

Article 21. Objects of ground outer space infrastructure

      Objects of ground outer space infrastructure shall include:
      1) scientific and experimental basis of space researches;
      2) means of production of space hardware and space-missile systems, intended for ensuring of the space activity;
      3) launch areas;
      4) impact area of separable parts of rocket vehicles;
      5) ground control complexes of the space objects;
      6) ground special-purpose complexes for receipt of information from space objects, its processing and distribution.
      For the purpose of safety and safe operation of the objects of the ground outer space infrastructure, the protective zones of land plots shall be established with the exception of impact areas of separable parts of rocket vehicles within which the activity is restricted or prohibited, which is inconsistent with the purposes of establishment of zones,

Article 22. Means of production of space hardware

      1. Means of production of the space hardware shall include the special design-engineering bureaus of space hardware and assembling and testing complex.
      2. The list of state planning tasks for production of space hardware, created for the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be approved by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan upon the recommendation of the authorized body.

Article 23. “Baikonur” launch area

      1. “Baikonur” launch area is the component part of outer space infrastructure and shall includes the technical, launch, landing complexes, land plots, intended for preparation and carrying out of launchings of the space objects.
      2. “Baikonur” launch area is strategic facility and represents the property complex, not subject to privatization.

Article 24. Marking of space objects of the Republic of Kazakhstan

      Space objects of the Republic of Kazakhstan, launched in cosmic space shall have the marks, determined by the authorized body in accordance with the international standards and legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 25. Utilization of space objects and technical equipment

      Space objects and technical equipment, taken out from operation shall be subject to utilization in accordance, determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and international treaties.

Article 26. Lease of the object of space branch

      The procedure for lease of the object of space branch to international or foreign participant of the space activity shall be regulated by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, unless otherwise provided by the international treaty, ratified by the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Chapter 5. SAFETY OF THE SPACE ACTIVITY

Article 27. Promotion of safety of the space activity

      1. Space activity shall be carried out upon condition of maintenance of health care of people and environment, protection of property of individuals and legal entities.
      Safety of the space activity shall be promoted by the authorized body in accordance with established safety rules, as well as other state bodies within the competence, established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. Compensation for harm to health of individuals, environmental damage, property of individuals and legal entities, the state, arising due to carrying out of the space activity shall be performed on a voluntary basis or under the court decision in accordance with the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      Harm shall be subject to compensation in full measure in recognition of degree of disability of the injured person, expenses for his (her) treatment and health resumption, expenses for care of diseased person.
      3. Before carrying out of the normal launching of the space object, the participants of space activity shall direct the coordinates of the impact areas of separable parts of rocket vehicles, located in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the authorized body in the field of environmental protection.
      4. In case of death incident of people or animals, as well as infliction of damage to citizens and environment as the result of carried out launching of the space object, the participants of space activity shall compensate for inflicted damage in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Law.
      5. Space object, belonging to foreign individual or legal entity may carry out safe flight through the air space of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the process of its leading out in cosmic space or return to the Earth under condition of preliminary coordination with the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Kazakhstan, authorized bodies in the field of environmental protection, in the scope of civil protection.
      Footnote. Article 27 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 11.04.2014 No. 189-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 28. Investigation of accidents upon carrying out of the space activity

      Accidents, entailed the occurrence of emergency situations of technogenic nature shall be subject to investigation in accordance, established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on civil protection.
      Footnote. Article 28 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 11.04.2014 No. 189-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 29. Ecological control of environment and state of health of population in the regions, affected by impact of the space activity

      1. State monitoring of environment and natural resources upon carrying out of the space activity shall be conducted by the authorized state bodies in the field of environmental protection, management of land resources within the Unified state monitoring system of environment and natural resources jointly with the special authorized state bodies.
      2. Participants of the space activity shall be obliged to carry out the production ecological control of environment in accordance, established by the environmental legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. State control in the field of environmental protection and health of population upon carrying out of the space activity shall be carried out by the authorized bodies in the field of environmental protection and public health.
      4. Information in the field of environmental protection and emergency situations due to carrying out of the space activity in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be publicly available, subject to distribution through the mass media with the use of the system of notification and communications.

Article 30. Prohibitions and restrictions in the space activity

      1. Upon carrying out of space activity it shall be prohibited to:
      1) create immediate threat to life and health of people;
      2) insert into orbit and place the mass destruction weapon in cosmic space;
      3) use the space hardware and (or) stellar bodies for negative impact on the environment;
      4) violate international regulations and standards on space pollution.
      2. Space activity within the separate project upon occurrence of the threat to life and health of people, infliction of material losses or damage to environment shall be restricted or prohibited in accordance with the environmental legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Chapter 6. LEGAL STATUS AND MEASURES OF SOCIAL SECURITY OF THE ASTRONAUT CANDIDATE, ASTRONAUT

Article 31. Status of astronaut candidate, astronaut. Preparation of the astronaut candidate, astronaut

      1. Status of the astronaut candidate, astronaut shall be awarded by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan upon recommendation of the authorized body.
      2. Astronauts shall be formed in astronaut corps of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Astronaut corps of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall act on the basis of the provision on astronaut corps of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. The state shall provide training, retraining of astronaut candidate, astronauts.
      4. Training and space flight operation of the astronaut shall be carried out on the basis of the contract, concluded with the relevant participant of the space activity (customer of undergoing the flying and space tests and (or) scientific researches and experiments in case of carrying out of the space flight) in which the obligations of parties shall be determined.
      5. Time of being of the astronaut candidate, astronaut on training, retraining, as well as his (her) work time in the field of the space activity shall be included into work experience of the astronaut candidate, astronaut.

Article 32. Guarantees in case of receiving the maim, disease or death incident (death) of the astronaut candidate, astronaut

      1. Upon determination of disability, came due to injury, maim, disease, received upon fulfillment of official duties, astronaut candidate, astronaut shall be paid by compensation at the expense of budgetary funds in amounts:
      1) disabled person of the I group – 3000 monthly calculation indices;
      2) disabled person of the II group – 2000 monthly calculation indices;
      3) disabled person of the III group – 1000 monthly calculation indices.
      2. In case of death incident (death) of the astronaut candidate, astronaut upon fulfillment of official duties, his (her) heirs shall be paid by the lump sum compensation in amount of 6000 monthly calculation indices from the budgetary funds.
      3. Payment of lump sum compensation, provided by paragraphs 1 or 2 of this Article shall be carried out in the manner, determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      4. Lump sum compensation shall not be paid, if it is proved in established manner that death incident (death), maim or disease of the astronaut candidate, astronaut occurred due to the circumstances, not linked with the fulfillment of official duties.
      5. In case of death incident (death) of the astronaut candidate, astronaut upon fulfillment of official duties, the state shall ensure the placement of one dwelling place from the state housing fund in the ownership of heirs of a decedent (died) person or gratuitous transfer of the formerly provided dwelling place of the astronaut candidate, astronaut in the ownership of heirs of a decedent (died) person or provision of the similar dwelling place from the state housing fund in inhabited locality of the Republic of Kazakhstan at the discretion of heirs of a decedent (died) person if the corporate housing formerly provided to the astronaut candidate, astronaut is in the territory of the other state, not later than six months from the date of death incident (death) of the mentioned person.
      6. Provision of paragraph 5 of this Article shall be applied upon condition of the absence of dwelling place in ownership of the astronaut candidate, astronaut and his (her) heirs in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 33. Compensation for expenses for burial

      Burial of a decedent (died) astronaut candidate, astronaut shall be performed at the place of residence or at the wish of his (her) relatives in the other place of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Expenses, linked with preparation to transportation of a body, transfer of a body, burial, production and installation of the gravestone shall be compensated at the expense of budgetary funds in amount of 80 monthly calculation indices.

Article 34. Medical and sanitary and sanatorium-resort service of the astronaut candidate, astronaut

      1. Astronaut candidate, astronaut shall be provided by the annually preventive examinations, medical and sanatorium-resort treatment upon condition of his (her) permanent residence in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan in accordance, established by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      2. Provision of paragraph 1 of this Article shall apply to jointly residing family members of the astronaut candidate, astronaut.
      3. Provision of paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to the astronaut candidate, astronaut that forfeited the citizenship of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 35. Financial security of astronauts, honored by honorary title “Қазақстанның ғарышкер-ұшқышы” (Pilot-astronaut of Kazakhstan)

      The multiplying ratio in amount of 2,9 to official salary shall be established for the astronauts, honored by honorary title “Қазақстанның ғарышкер-ұшқышы” (Pilot-astronaut of Kazakhstan”).

Chapter 7. FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 36. Responsibility for violation of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of space activity

      Violation of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of space activity shall entail responsibility in accordance with the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 37. The order of enforcement of this Law

      This Law enters into force upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication.

      The President
      of the Republic of Kazakhstan              N. Nazarbayev